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NCJ Number: 237385 Find in a Library
Title: Acculturation, Gender, Depression, and Cigarette Smoking Among U.S. Hispanic Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Discrimination
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:40  Issue:11  Dated:November 2011  Pages:1519-1533
Author(s): Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco; Jennifer B. Unger; Anamara Ritt-Olson; Daniel Soto; Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
Date Published: November 2011
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
University of Michigan Substance Abuse Research Ctr/NIDA
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2054
Grant Number: DA016310;T32DA007267
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether perceived discrimination explained the associations of acculturation with depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking among Hispanic youth.
Abstract: Hispanic youth are at risk for experiencing depressive symptoms and smoking cigarettes, and risk for depressive symptoms and cigarette use increase as Hispanic youth acculturate to U.S. culture. The mechanism by which acculturation leads to symptoms of depression and cigarette smoking is not well understood. The present study examined whether perceived discrimination explained the associations of acculturation with depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking among 1,124 Hispanic youth (54 percent female). Youth in Southern California completed surveys in 9th–11th grade. Separate analyses by gender showed that perceived discrimination explained the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms for girls only. There was also evidence that discrimination explained the relationship between acculturation and cigarette smoking among girls, but the effect was only marginally significant. Acculturation was associated with depressive symptoms and smoking among girls only. Perceived discrimination predicted depressive symptoms in both genders, and discrimination was positively associated with cigarette smoking for girls but not boys. These results support the notion that, although Hispanic boys and girls experience acculturation and discrimination, their mental health and smoking behaviors are differentially affected by these experiences. Moreover, the results indicate that acculturation, gender, and discrimination are important factors to consider when addressing Hispanic youth’s mental health and substance use behaviors. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Hispanic; Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Assessment (juvenile); Gender; Juvenile social adjustment; Mental health; Racial discrimination; Tobacco use
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