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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237408 Find in a Library
Title: Role of the Public Prosecutor with Treatment of Suspects Involving Suspended Prosecution Disposition in Accordance with the Crime Investigation Policy of Police in Japan
Journal: International Journal of Police Science and Management  Volume:13  Issue:4  Dated:Winter 2011  Pages:348-363
Author(s): Takehiko Yamamura; Hiroshi Kinoshita; Shigeru Hishida
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines prosecution policies and practices by public prosecutors in Japan.
Abstract: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the prosecution system granted only to public prosecutors (PPs), in regard to prosecution proceedings in accordance with the crime investigation policy of police in Japan. Using data generated by the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) and the National Police Agency (NPA) in Japan during the last half century, the trends of numbers of suspects referred and the rate of disposition, prosecution, summary trial procedure, suspended prosecution (details of which are described in the text), were calculated by type of offence including non-traffic penal code offences (NTPC), negligence in the pursuit of social activities on the occasion of traffic accidents (NPSATA), special law offences (SLO) excluding violations of road traffic related laws (VRTRL) and VRTRL. The results of the study indicated that there are three major issues about prosecution policies and practices by the PPs, namely: crime investigation activities; monopolising discretionary decisions with prosecution and suspended prosecution; and disposition of traffic related crimes. Practical implications of the present results are discussed in the context of crime investigation policy by police. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Court appointed prosecutors
Index Term(s): Criminal investigation; Foreign laws; Foreign police; Foreign policies; Japan
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