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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237412 Find in a Library
Title: Local Political Structures and Violent Crime in U.S. Cities: Patterns of Association in a Longitudinal Panel Study
Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:22  Issue:4  Dated:December 2011  Pages:448-470
Author(s): Ling Ren; Jihong Zhao; Nicholas P. Lovrich
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 23
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the patterned ways in which local political structures might affect crime.
Abstract: To date, few criminological studies have explored the patterned ways in which local political structures might affect crime. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of local political structures on variations in violent crime rates in U.S. cities. A longitudinal data set collected from the same 280 cities in 1993, 1996, 2000, and 2003 is used to look into this question. Results from negative binomial fixed-effects panel analyses indicate that local government structures make only a limited contribution to variation in violent crime and that impact on violent crime is a conditioned effect in association with a relative deprivation index. Socioeconomic variables associated with relative deprivation consistently predict violent crime levels across U.S. cities, largely irrespective of the character of their local political structures. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Economic analysis of crime; Economic influences; Local government; Political influences; Violent crimes
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