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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237496 Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Disorder and Incarceration History Among Urban Substance Users
Journal: Journal of Correctional Health Care  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:October 2011  Pages:309-318
Author(s): Damiya Whitaker Psy.D.; Camelia Graham Ph.D.; C. Debra Furr-Holden Ph.D.; Adam Milam M.H.S.; William Latimer Ph.D.
Date Published: October 2011
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: T32 DA007292;R01DA014498;R01AA015196
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between neighborhood physical and social disorder and incarceration history among urban drug users.
Abstract: This research examines the relationship between neighborhood physical and social disorder and incarceration history among urban drug users. A cohort of 358 African-American and White urban drug users completed a clinical interview and psychological assessment that emphasized cognitive and social–behavioral HIV risk factors. The Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology was used to assess indicators of physical and social disorder. After controlling for age, gender, education, and having a place to live, multivariable analyses revealed that living in a neighborhood with moderate or high levels of disorder (odds ratio [OR] = 1.63; 95 percent confidence interval [CI] = [1.02, 2.59]) and drinking alcohol every day or nearly every day for 3 months or more (OR = 2.03; 95 percent CI [1.24, 3.31]) were associated with incarceration history. Findings suggest that select characteristics of disadvantaged communities may be important determinants of incarceration vulnerability among urban substance users. Residential improvements hold promise to enhance interventions aimed to reduce incarceration. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; High crime areas; Neighborhood; Risk taking behavior; Urban area studies
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