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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237643 Find in a Library
Title: Hate, Threats, and Violence. A Register Study of Persons Suspected of Hate Crime
Journal: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:2011  Pages:198-215
Author(s): Lena Roxell
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 18
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study focused on individuals suspected of hate crimes with xenophobic, Islamophobic, and homophobic motives.
Abstract: This article's genuine contribution to new research is the comparative perspective and the study of co-offending and specialization in offences for persons suspected for hate crimes. To find persons suspected for hate crimes, register data relating to hate-crime-motivated assault and unlawful threats/molestation offences from 2006 have been used. The study is based on a total of 1,910 offence reports together with information from the Registers of Suspected and Convicted Offenders for 558 persons suspected for hate crimes. Xenophobic hate crimes are over-represented in the material by comparison with homophobic and Islamophobic hate crimes. In the reports that have information about the relation between victim and perpetrators, it is more common for the perpetrators to be known than unknown to the victims. In cases where a suspected person has been identified, males are in a clear majority. Those suspected of homophobic hate crimes have the lowest mean age. Only a small number of offence reports include information on suspected co-offenders. Fifty-five percent of the suspected people have prior registered convictions. It is very uncommon for them to be specialized in violent offences or unlawful threats/molestation, however. It is not possible to generalize the results to perpetrators of hate crimes, because 70 percent of the offence reports did not have information of suspected persons. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Criminology; Homosexuality-crime relationships; Offender attitudes; Offender profiles; Profiling; Stranger on stranger crimes
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