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NCJ Number: 237777 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Violence on At-Risk Youth in Canada, the United States, and the Netherlands
Journal: Victims and Offenders  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:October - December 2011  Pages:341-355
Author(s): Jennifer Butters; Lana Harrison; Dirk J. Korf; Serge Brochu; Patricia G. Erickson
Date Published: October 2011
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Crime Prevention Centre
Ottawa, ON K1A 0P8, Canada
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
2509 AC, Den Haag, Netherlands
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Grant Number: RO1-DA11691-01A1;3100.0037;3150-U4;410-2002-1154
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines how male and female youth respond to violence.
Abstract: Concerns over youth violence and victimization are widespread, but it is rare that national trends can be compared with identical methods. This paper provides a cross-national examination of internalized, externalized, and help-seeking responses to weapon-related victimization among 1,398 at-risk male and female youth between the ages of 14 and 17 in Toronto, Montreal, Philadelphia, and Amsterdam. Analyses were conducted of seven potential responses to weapon-related victimization. Striking similarities in trends were observed: becoming more aggressive, becoming more afraid or cautious, starting to carry a weapon, and increasing feelings of depression were predominant responses in each city. However, clear patterns emerged that showed fewer Amsterdam youth reported these reactions—while more youth in Toronto were affected. Logistic regression revealed a strong impact of site and previous weapon-related violence on youths’ responses to violence. The paper concludes with a discussion of challenges that emerged in the process of conducting a cross-national project and analyzing youth victimization in three countries. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Juvenile counseling; Self-help therapy; Urban criminality; US/foreign comparisons; Victim counseling; Victimization; Weapons violations
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