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NCJ Number: 237894 Find in a Library
Title: Commission Versus Receipt of Violence During Pregnancy: Associations With Substance Abuse Variables
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:25  Issue:10  Dated:October 2010  Pages:1928-1940
Author(s): Golfo K. Tzilos; Emily R. Grekin; Jessica R. Beatty; Sara K. Chase; Steven J. Ondersma
Date Published: October 2010
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: DA00516;DA14621;DA021329;AA16256
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined correlates of different patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women.
Abstract: The tendency for women to report both commission and receipt of violence is an understudied phenomenon. In particular, little is known about individual differences as a function of commission vs. receipt of partner violence among pregnant women. Using a sample of 78 cohabiting low-SES pregnant women, the current study examines three violence subtypes based on self-report (primarily commission of violence, primarily receipt of violence, and no report of violence) and investigated differences in a range of other risk factors among these subtypes. In this sample, 47 percent reported higher levels of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration than victimization; 14 percent reported more IPV victimization than perpetration; and 39 percent reported no IPV. Results demonstrate clear differences between women reporting IPV and those not reporting IPV and clear differences between IPV subtypes in terms of partner substance use, with women reporting primarily receipt of violence also reporting more drug and alcohol abuse by their partners. Although preliminary, these findings suggest that the commission of violence may be more common during pregnancy than the receipt of violence, but that risks for these two subgroups are similar. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Domestic violence causes; Drug abuse; Pregnant women; Victimization risk
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