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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 238074 Find in a Library
Title: Influence of Wounds, Severe Trauma, and Clothing, on Carcass Decomposition and Arthropod Succession in South Africa
Journal: Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal  Volume:44  Issue:4  Dated:December 2011  Pages:144-157
Author(s): Janine A. Kelly; Theuns C. van der Linde; Gail S. Anderson
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Research Foundation
Pretoria 0001, South Africa
South Africa Medical Research Council Cape Town
7505 Tygerberg, South Africa
University of the Free State
Bloemfontein 9300 ,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study investigated the influence of different types of physical wounds as well as clothing on carcass decomposition and arthropod succession during all seasons over 1 year in South Africa.
Abstract: The trials for each season included six pigs, Sus scrofa, carcasses: two carcasses with wounds, one carcass was clothed, the other was not; two carcasses with stab wounds, one carcass was clothed, and the other was not; two carcasses with severe trauma wounds, one carcass was clothed, and the other was not. The decomposition process and arthropod succession were not influenced by the absence or presence of wounds. Adult female Diptera did not select the wounds as oviposition sites. The presence of clothing caused a slight change in decomposition process only during summer and winter trials. The dominant Diptera in autumn and summer were Chrysomya marginalis and Chrysomya albiceps. In spring, it was Chrysomya chloropyga and C. albiceps; and in winter, it was Sarcophaga spp., C. chloropyga, Calliphora vicina, and Lucilia spp. During the warmer seasons, maggot predation by C. albiceps on C. marginalis was observed. In all seasons the Coleoptera were dominated by Dermestes maculatus and Necrobia rufipes; however, in summer, Thanatophilus micans and Histeridae spp. were also recorded. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Death investigations; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; South Africa; Time of death determination
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