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NCJ Number: 238096 Find in a Library
Title: Child, Caregiver, and Family Characteristics Associated with Emergency Department Use by Children Who Remain at Home After a Child Protective Services Investigation
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:36  Issue:1  Dated:January 2012  Pages:4-11
Author(s): Janet U. Schneiderman; Michael S. Hurlburt; Laurel K. Leslie; Jinjin Zhang; Sarah McCue Horowitz
Date Published: January 2012
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
William T. Grant Foundation
New York, NY 10022
Grant Number: P30-MH094678;K01-HD057987;9443
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether children, their families, and caregivers who continued to live together while under investigation by child protective services had higher rates of emergency department visits.
Abstract: Study findings include the following: children and their families who remained together while under investigation by child protective services (CPS) visited emergency departments (EDs) at roughly the same rate as families not receiving services from CPS, 35.6 percent and 37.4 percent, respectively; and that children and their families from this same group who were identified with numerous stressors and therefore at greater risk for future abuse and neglect, were almost twice as likely to have repeat ED use compared to children in families with a lost risk for future abuse and neglect. This study examined whether children and their families who continued to live together while under investigation by CPS for abuse and neglect were more likely to visit EDs compared to families not receiving services from CPS or where the children were placed in foster care. Data for the study were obtained from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being. Multivariate models were used to compare the rates of ED visits for 4,001 children. The findings indicate that children who remain with their families while under investigation by CPS, are more likely to have repeat visits to EDs if family stressors show a greater risk for future abuse and neglect. Recommendations for future research and policy changes are briefly discussed. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Child abuse
Index Term(s): Child abuse and neglect hearings; Child abuse detection; Child abuse investigations; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse treatment; Child welfare; Foster homes; Hospitals
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