skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 238126 Find in a Library
Title: "What Works" in Community Supervision: Interim Report
Author(s): E.K. Drake
Corporate Author: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
United States of America
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
Publication Number: 11-12-1201
Sale Source: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
110 Fifth Avenue Southeast
Suite 214
P.O. Box 40999
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This is an interim report to the Washington State Department of Corrections (DOC) by an independent contractor regarding the findings to date on a study of effective practices for the community supervision of offenders.
Abstract: The report presents background information on community supervision of offenders as it is delivered in Washington State, and findings to date are summarized from a review of the literature on “what works” for community supervision. The findings indicate that intensive supervision with priority given to surveillance of the offenders does not achieve any reduction in recidivism; intensive supervision that includes treatment services achieves approximately a 10-percent reduction in recidivism; and supervision that adheres to the “Risk-Need-Responsivity” (RNR) model achieved a 16-percent reduction in recidivism. The RNR approach uses intervention tailored to an accurate assessment of an offender’s risk of reoffending. Based on the identification of an offender’s criminogenic needs, such as antisocial attitudes or substance abuse, responsive interventions focus on the offender’s abilities and motivation (generally cognitive-behavioral or social-learning interventions). An appendix lists the studies used in the meta-analysis under the following topics: supervision with the Risk-Need-Responsivity model, intensive supervision with treatment, and intensive supervision that emphasizes surveillance. The study’s final report will be issued by July 2012.
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Cost effectiveness analysis; Parole casework; Parole effectiveness; Probation casework; Probation effectiveness; Research uses in policymaking; Washington
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.