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NCJ Number: 238131 Find in a Library
Title: Does Sex Offender Registration and Notification Reduce Crime? A Systematic Review of the Research Literature
Corporate Author: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
United States of America
Date Published: June 2009
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
Sale Source: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
110 Fifth Avenue Southeast
Suite 214
P.O. Box 40999
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In response to a request from the Washington State Sex Offender Policy Board, the Washington State Institute for Public Policy reports on its systematic review of the research literature in order to evaluate the effectiveness of sex offender registration and community notification laws in reducing crime.
Abstract: Regarding specific deterrence, this review tentatively concludes that existing research does not provide much policy guidance on the specific deterrent effect of registration/notification laws. The weight of existing research indicates that registration/notification laws have no statistically significant effect on recidivism; however, this finding should be regarded with caution, since the review found only seven credible studies, and these studies have widely varying results. In addition, three of the studies have small sample sizes. For general deterrence, the two relevant studies found provide some indication that registration laws lower sex offense rates in the public at large. Still, caution is warranted in generalizing from this result, since it is based on only two studies. The overall conclusion from the literature review is that additional research is needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn. This study conducted a systematic review of all relevant research available throughout the United States. Nine rigorous evaluations were found. 4 exhibits and appended detailed description of the research methodology
Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Research uses in policymaking; Sex Offender Registration; Sex offenders; Sex offenses
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