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NCJ Number: NCJ 027692     Find in a Library
Title: DEVIANT BEHAVIOR - A SOCIAL LEARNING APPROACH
Author(s): R L AKERS
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 370
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE TEXTBOOK OUTLINES THE SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AND DISCUSSES SEVERAL FORMS OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR FROM THE VANTAGE POINT OF THIS APPROACH.
Abstract: THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS TEXT PROVIDES AN OVERVIEW OF THE MAIN PROBLEMS AND THEORIES OF DEVIANCE AND EXAMINES THE CENTRAL QUESTIONS ABOUT DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AND THE WAYS IN WHICH SOCIOLOGISTS HAVE ANSWERED THEM. THE SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR IS THEN INTRODUCED. THE REMAINDER OF THE BOOK THEN APPLIES THIS THEORY TO THE PRINCIPAL FORMS OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR. THE THEORY INTEGRATES THE DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION EXPLANATION OF SOCIOLOGIST EDWIN H SUTHERLAND WITH THE BEHAVIORAL LEARNING THEORIES OF B F SKINNER AND OTHER PSYCHOLOGISTS. BRIEFLY THE THEORY SAYS THAT A PERSON LEARNS TO COMMIT DEVIANT ACTS THROUGH INTERACTION WITH HIS (PRIMARILY SOCIAL) ENVIRONMENT. IN THIS SOCIAL SETTING, CONSEQUENCES ARE ATTACHED TO HIS BEHAVIOR, WHICH REINFORCE (REWARD) OR FAIL TO PUNISH DEVIANT ACTS TO A GREATER EXTENT THAN THEY REINFORCE CONFORMING BEHAVIOR, AND HIS ASSOCIATION WITH OTHERS FURNISHES HIM WITH DEFINITIONS THAT MAKE THE DEVIANT BEHAVIOR SEEM MORE DESIRABLE OR JUSTIFIED THAN ALTERNATIVE CONFORMING BEHAVIOR. THIS THEORY IS DISCUSSED IN RELATION TO SUCH DEVIANT BEHAVIORS AS DRUG ABUSE, DRINKING AND ALCOHOLISM, SEXUAL DEVIANCE, SUICIDE, MENTAL ILLNESS, AND SUCH CRIMINAL BEHAVIORS AS WHITE COLLAR, PROFESSIONAL, ORGANIZED, AND VIOLENT CRIMES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse ; Sexual behavior ; Sociology ; Violent crimes ; White collar crime ; Suicide ; Environmental quality ; Theory ; Mental health ; Deviance ; Alcoholism ; Organized crime ; Criminal justice overview texts
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=27692

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