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NCJ Number: 30672 Find in a Library
Title: LANCASTER COUNTY (PA) - VOLUNTEERS IN PROBATION AND PAROLE - FINAL REPORT AND EVALUATION
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Governor's Justice Cmssn
South Central Regional Council
United States of America
Project Director: D W TREXLER
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 189
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Governor's Justice Cmssn
Harrisburg, PA 17101
Grant Number: SC-74-C-F-4-6-216
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A STUDY WHICH 1) TESTED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VOLUNTEERS WHEN MATCHED TO PROBATIONERS AND PAROLEES IN TERMS OF RECIDIVISM AND PERSONALITY MEASURES, AND 2) ASSESSED CORRECTIONAL STRATEGIES USING VOLUNTEERS.
Abstract: THE BASIC THEORETICAL ORIENTATION AND FRAMEWORK FOR THIS STUDY WAS DERIVED FROM SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY. AN ACTUAL REHABILITATION PROGRAM INVOLVING VOLUNTEERS, 'VOLUNTEERS IN PROBATION AND PAROLE' OF LANCASTER COUNTY WAS UTLIZED. TWO GENERAL PROBLEMS WERE RESEARCHED: THE COMPARATIVE RECIDIVISM OF PROBATIONERS AND PAROLEES WHO WERE MATCHED WITH VOLUNTEERS VERSUS THOSE RECEIVING SUPERVISION ONLY BY A PROBATION OFFICER, AND AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PERSONALITY AND SOCIALIZATION CHANGES OF THE PROBATIONERS AND PAROLEES MATCHED WITH VOLUNTEERS. RECIDIVISM OF THE SUBJECTS WAS MEASURED BY MEANS OF A THREE-WAY INDEX OF RECIDIVISM WHICH TOOK INTO ACCOUNT THE ABSOLUTE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS OR NEW CRIMINAL OFFENSES, THE SEVERITY OF THE CRIMINAL OFFENSE, AND THE NUMBER OF MULTIPLE VIOLATIONS OR OFFENSES COMMITTED BY ONE INDIVIDUAL. PERSONALITY CHANGES WERE MEASURED BY MEANS OF A QUESTIONNAIRE WHICH TESTED FOR GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IN 16 INTERRELATED ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY OVER SIX MONTHS OF INTERACTION WITH A VOLUNTEER. THE RESULTS SUPPORTED THE USE OF VOLUNTEERISM AS A TREATMENT STRATEGY IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. PROBATIONERS AND PAROLEES MATCHED WITH VOLUNTEERS EXHIBITED LOWER RATES OF RECIDIVISM. THE RESULTS OF THE PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE SHOWED THAT VOLUNTEERS ALSO HAD A POSITIVE IMPACT ON PERSONALITY FACTORS; HOWEVER, IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE SUBJECTS HAD ADJUSTED THEIR OUTWARD BEHAVIOR MORE READILY THAN THEIR INTERNAL ATTITUDES.
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Parolees; Pennsylvania; Probation or parole officers; Probation or parole services; Probationers; Program evaluation; Volunteer programs; Volunteers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=30672

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