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NCJ Number: 30741 Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENT EFFECT OF THE DEATH PENALTY - A STATISTICAL TEST
Journal: STANFORD LAW REVIEW  Volume:28  Issue:1  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1975)  Pages:61-80
Author(s): P PASSELL
Corporate Author: Stanford University
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE OUTLINES A STATISTICAL TEST OF THE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT DETERRENCE HYPOTHESIS USING A MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION ANALYSIS ON CROSS-SECTION STATE DATA FOR THE UNITED STATES FOR THE CENSUS YEARS 1950 AND 1960.
Abstract: THE ANALYSIS ACCOUNTS FOR AS MANY OF THE MAJOR, QUANTIFIABLE FACTORS AS POSSIBLE THAT EXPLAIN STATE-TO-STATE VARIATIONS IN MURDER RATES, THEN TESTS WHETHER STATE TO STATE VARIATIONS IN EXECUTION RATES ALSO ADD EXPLANATORY POWER TO THE EQUATION. FIVE VARIABLES - CONVICTION RATES, AVERAGE PRISON SENTENCES, POVERTY, AGE, AND RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION - WERE FOUND TO EXPLAIN A GREAT DEAL OF THESE STATE-TO-STATE MURDER RATE VARIATIONS. VARIATIONS IN EXECUTION RATES, HOWEVER, ADDED NO EXPLANATORY POWER. THE AUTHOR CONCLUDES THAT BASED ON THIS DATA AND ANALYSIS, THERE IS NO EVIDENCE OF AN EXECUTION DETERRENT. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Crime patterns; Deterrence; Mathematical modeling; Regression analysis; Statistical analysis
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=30741

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