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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 31000 Find in a Library
Title: TEAR DOWN THE WALLS? SOME FUNCTIONS OF PRISONS
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:21  Issue:4  Dated:(OCTOBER 1975)  Pages:360-372
Author(s): C E REASONS; R L KAPLAN
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF PRISONS TO DETERMINE THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE FUNCTIONS OF PENAL INSTITUTIONS WHICH SERVE TO MAINTAIN THE PRISON SYSTEM IN ITS PRESENT FORM.
Abstract: THE AUTHORS IDENTIFY THE FOUR MANIFEST FUNCTIONS OF PRISONS AS REFORMATION, INCAPACITATION, RETRIBUTION, AND DETERRENCE. ELEVEN LARGELY UNINTENDED AND GENERALLY UNRECOGNIZED FUNCTIONS ARE ALSO DISCUSSED. THESE LATENT FUNTIONS INCLUDE MAINTENANCE OF A CRIME SCHOOL, POLITICIZATION, SELF-ENHANCEMENT, JOB PROVISION, SATISFACTION OF AUTHORITARIAN NEEDS, SLAVE LABOR, REDUCTION OF UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, CONVENIENT THEATER OF OPERATIONS FOR VOLUNTEERS, SAFETY VALVE FOR RACIAL TENSIONS, AND A FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL. THESE LATENT FUNCTIONS ARE CITED AS THE CAUSE FOR PERPETUATING THE PRISON SYSTEM.
Index Term(s): Analysis; Correctional facilities; Objectives
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