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NCJ Number: 31125 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF GUILTY PLEA PRACTICES IN THE FEDERAL COURTS
Journal: HARVARD LAW REVIEW  Volume:89  Issue:2  Dated:(DECEMBER 1975)  Pages:293-315
Author(s): M O FINKELSTEIN
Corporate Author: Harvard Law Review Assoc
Harvard Law Review
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Harvard Law Review Assoc
Cambridge, MA 02138
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ARTICLE ANALYZES GUILTY PLEA STATISTICS FROM VARIOUS FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS, AND CONCLUDES THAT THE FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTION UNDERLYING THE SUPREME COURT'S APPROVAL OF PLEA BARGAINING IS INCORRECT.
Abstract: THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES HAS EXPLICITLY APPROVED THE PRACTICE OF PLEA BARGAINING BUT ONLY ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT DEFENDANTS WHO WERE CONVICTED ON THE BASIS OF NEGOTIATED PLEAS OF GUILT WOULD HAVE BEEN CONVICTED HAD THEY ELECTED TO STAND TRIAL. THE AUTHOR ARGUES THAT PROSECUTORS MAY BE USING THREATS OF LENGTHY SENTENCES AND OTHER PLEA INDUCING PRACTICES TO OBTAIN CONVICTIONS IN CASES IN WHICH THE GOVERNMENT'S EVIDENCE IS QUITE INSUBSTANTIAL. DEVELOPING A CONCEPT CALLED THE 'IMPLICIT RATE OF NON-CONVICTION,' THE AUTHOR CONCLUDES THAT MORE THAN TWO-THIRDS OF THE MARGINAL PLEA BARGAIN DEFENDANTS WOULD BE ACQUITTED OR DISMISSED WERE THEY TO CONTEST THEIR CASES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Evaluation; Federal courts; Judicial decisions; Plea negotiations; Statistics; US Supreme Court
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31125

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