skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 31428 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: BIOMEDICAL EXPERIMENTATION ON PRISONERS - REVIEW OF PRACTICES AND PROBLEMS AND PROPOSAL OF A NEW REGULATORY APPROACH
Author(s): A R JONSEN; M L PARKER; R J CARLSON; C B EMMOTT
Corporate Author: University of California
Ctr for the Study of Trauma
Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of California
San Francisco, CA 94143
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Bibliography
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS REPORT CONTAINS AN ANALYSIS OF EXISTING EXPERIMENTAL PRACTICES, THE CENTRAL ETHICAL ISSUES, MAJOR THEORETICAL FORMULATIONS, AND REGULATIONS ON BIOMEDICAL EXPERIMENTATION.
Abstract: AN 'INVERSIVE RISK-RATING' SYSTEM IS THEN PROPOSED AS A BASIS OF A REGULATORY MECHANISM FOR DETERMINING THE PROPRIETY OF SPECIFIC RESEARCH PROPOSALS IN GIVEN SETTINGS. UNDER THIS SYSTEM, EXPERIMENTS WOULD BE RATED FOR THE POTENTIAL PHYSICAL RISK IMPOSED ON PRISONERS AND PENAL SETTINGS WOULD BE RATED FOR THE 'RISK OF ETHICAL IMPAIRMENT' INHERENT IN THEIR CHARACTERISTICS. THE PURPOSE WOULD THEN BE ASSURANCE OF AN INVERSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVELS OF PHYSICAL AND ETHICAL RISK. THE MORE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF AN INSTITUTIONAL SETTING COMPROMISE THE INMATES' EXERCISE OF FREE AND INFORMED DISCRETION OVER THEIR PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH, THE LOWER THE RISK OF EXPERIMENTS WHICH WOULD BE PERMITTED THERE. CONVERSELY, THE MORE CLOSELY INSTITUTIONAL CONDITIONS APPROXIMATE CONDITIONS IN THE FREE LIVING WORLD, THE HIGHER THE RISK OF EXPERIMENTATION PERMITTED. A FIVE-PAGE BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Code of ethics; Medical and dental services; Medical research; Medicolegal considerations; Prisoner's rights
Note: HEALTH POLICY PROGRAM DISCUSSION PAPER
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31428

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.