skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 31430 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF JUSTICE - A STRUCTURAL COMPARISON OF LEGAL INSTITUTIONS IN PENNSYLVANIA
Author(s): J E CONNOLLY
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 236
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A COMPARISON OF THE SOCIAL STRUCTURES OF THE COURTS OF COMMON PLEAS OF THE 67 COUNTIES OF PENNSYLVANIA ALONG TWO SYSTEMIC VARIABLES TO OBTAIN A SYSTEMATIC DESCRIPTION OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT AND ADHERENCE TO 'JUSTICE'.
Abstract: THE STUDY SOUGHT TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF THE TWO VARIABLES, DIFFERENTIATION AND RIGIDITY, COULD BE EXTENDED TO THE ORGANIZATION OF JUSTICE SYSTEMS AS WELL AS THEY HAVE TO OTHER LEVELS OF SOCIAL LIFE; WHETHER THE MODEL CAN BE USED TO ORDER THE VAST ARRAY OF BEHAVIOR OCCURRING IN LEGAL INSTITUTIONS; AND WHETHER THE MODEL CAN PROVIDE PREDICTIONS AND EXPLANATIONS OF THE TYPE OF LEGAL PHENOMENA THAT CAN BE EXPECTED IN COUNTIES. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT DIFFERENTIATION WOULD PREDICT: EXPANSION OF COURT OFFICES, SPECIALIZED LAW FIRMS, CRIME RATES, RATIO OF LAWYERS, AND PROPORTION OF CASES APPEALED. IT WAS ALSO HYPOTHESIZED THAT FLEXIBILITY WOULD PREDICT: NUMBER OF REVERSALS ON APPEALS, NUMBER OF JURY TRIALS, NUMBER OF INNOVATIVE SENTENCES AND PROGRAMS FOR PRISONERS, ATTENTION TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE INDIGENT, AND COMMUNICATION BETWEEN ELEMENTS OF THE SYSTEM. A DURKHEIMIAN MODEL WAS USED HERE WITH MODIFICATIONS PERMITTED BY MORE RECENT WORK IN SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND IN SEMIOLOGY. FINDINGS AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY ARE DISCUSSED FOR THE THEORY AND METHODS AS WELL AS FOR THE SUBSTANTIVE AREA.
Index Term(s): Court system; Management; Pennsylvania; Prediction; Sociology
Note: TEMPLE UNIVERSITY - DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31430

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.