skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 31528 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN CHINA
Journal: JUDICATURE  Volume:59  Issue:5  Dated:(DECEMBER 1975)  Pages:239-247
Author(s): G W CROCKETT
Corporate Author: American Judicature Soc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: American Judicature Soc
Chicago, IL 60601-7401
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: WRITTEN BY AN AMERICAN JUDGE WHO VISITED CHINA IN ORDER TO STUDY THE CHINESE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, THIS PAPER DESCRIBES THE RED CHINESE COURT SYSTEM AND PHILOSOPHY ON CRIME, AND CONTRASTS THESE WITH THE AMERICAN SYSTEM.
Abstract: THE AUTHOR OBSERVES THAT THERE IS A VERY LOW LEVEL OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. MOST SOCIALLY DISAPPROVED BEHAVIOR IS DEALT WITH IN ACCORDANCE TO CHAIRMEN MAO TSE TUNG'S PHILOSOPHY ON THE 'CORRECT HANDLING OF CONTRADICTIONS AMONG THE PEOPLE' - IN THIS PHILOSOPHY, ALL CONTROVERSIES ARE DIVIDED INTO TWO CLASSES: THOSE BETWEEN THE PEOPLE AND THE ENEMIES OF SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION, AND THOSE BETWEEN THE PEOPLE THEMSELVES. THE AUTHOR NOTES THAT, ACCORDINGLY, TWO DISTINCT PROCEDURAL PATTERNS ARE FOLLOWED IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE. CONFLICTS INVOLVING 'THE ENEMIES OF THE PEOPLE' (WHICH ALSO INCLUDES SERIOUS CRIMES) INVOLVE 'FORMAL' PROCEEDINGS SOMEWHAT LIKE THE AMERICAN COURTS, THE GREAT MAJORITY OF CONFLICTS, HOWEVER, ARE HANDLED USING THE SECOND PROCEDURE. THIS INVOLVES VERY INFORMAL PROCEDURES WHICH UTILIZE CONCILIATION, MEDIATION, EDUCATION, CRITICISM AND SELF-CRITICISM. THE AUTHOR EXAMINES THE WORKINGS OF EACH OF THESE PROCEDURES. A DISCUSSION OF THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF A CRIME PROBLEM IN THIS SOCIALIST COUNTRY IS ALSO PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Arbitration; China; Comparative analysis; Court structure; Court system; Criminal justice employment/expenditure data; Foreign courts; Neighborhood justice centers; Policy
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31528

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.