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NCJ Number: 31562 Find in a Library
Title: COST ANALYSIS OF CORRECTIONAL STANDARDS - ALTERNATIVES TO ARREST, V 1
Author(s): S WEISBERG
Corporate Author: American Bar Assoc.
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Assoc.
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 74-NI-99-0042
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS VOLUME CONTAINS AN OVERVIEW OF THE CORRECTIONS STANDARD ADVOCATING USE OF CITATION AND SUMMONS AS ALTERNATIVES TO ARREST, AND HIGHLIGHTS THE FINDINGS AND IMPLICATIONS OF A COST ANALYSIS OF THESE ALTERNATIVES.
Abstract: STANDARD 4.3 OF THE NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMISSION'S CORRECTION'S REPORT URGES THAT JURISDICTIONS UTILIZE CITATIONS AND SUMMONS IN LIEU OF TRADITIONAL ARREST AND CUSTODY AS MEANS OF ASSURING THE APPEARANCE OF AN ACCUSED IN COURT. FOR ELIGIBLE OFFENSES, TO BE DECIDED ON BY INDIVIDUAL JURISDICTIONS, CITATIONS WOULD SUBSTITUTE FOR MUCH OF THE TRADITIONAL FIELD ARREST ACTIVITY AND SUMMONS WOULD REPLACE WARRANTS FOR ARREST. SINCE THE RECOMMENDED CITATION ACTIVITY WOULD POTENTIALLY IMPACT A GREATER NUMBER OF PEOPLE THAN WOULD SUMMONS, CITATION WAS SELECTED AS THE FOCUS OF ANALYSIS. TWO TYPES OF CITATION ACTIVITY ARE ANALYZED AND THE COST OF EACH IS COMPARED TO THE COST OF TRADITIONAL ARREST. THE TWO TYPES OF ACTIVITY ARE FIELD CITATION (BY WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL IS RELEASED AT THE POINT OF APPREHENSION) AND STATIONHOUSE CITATION (WHICH INVOLVES SUBSEQUENT RELEASE FROM A PRECINCT OR OTHER POLICE STATION). THE OBJECTIVE OF THE ANALYSIS IS TO IDENTIFY THE DIFFERENCES IN COST (NET GAIN OR LOSS) ASSOCIATED WITH USING EACH OF THE RECOMMENDED ACTIVITIES RATHER THAN TRADITIONAL ARREST. THE RESULTS OF THIS ANALYSIS ARE PRESENTED IN TWO VOLUMES. THIS FIRST VOLUME IS DESIGNED TO MEET THE NEEDS OF DECISION-MAKERS AND SUMMARIZES THE PURPOSE, METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS OF THE STUDY. THESE FINDINGS REFLECT THAT WHILE THE COST OF STATIONHOUSE CITATIONS WOULD APPROACH THE COST OF TRADITIONAL ARREST IN TERMS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM PUBLIC EXPENDITURES, THE COST OF USING FIELD CITATIONS WOULD BE SUBSTANTIALLY LOWER. ASSUMING A RELATIVELY LOW RATE OF ELIGIBILITY FOR RELEASE AND A LOW RELEASE RATE OF THOSE ELIGIBLE, THE RESPECTIVE CITATION ACTIVITIES ARE ESTIMATED TO BE APPROXIMATELY TEN TO FORTY-ONE PERCENT LESS COSTLY THAN TRADITIONAL ARREST WHEN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM PUBLIC EXPENDITURES ALONE ARE CONSIDERED. THE SECOND VOLUME (NCJ-30714) PRESENTS A MORE DETAILED COST ANALYSIS OF THE CITATION ALTERNATIVE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Citations; Corrections standards; Cost analysis; Jails; National Advisory Committee Criminal Justice Standards and Goals; Police discretion; Standards; Summons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31562

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