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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 31607 Find in a Library
Title: EMERGING ROLE OF WOMEN IN LAW ENFORCEMENT (FROM POLICE ROLES IN THE SEVENTIES - PROFESSIONALIZATION IN AMERICA, 1975 BY JACK KINTON - SEE NCJ-31601)
Author(s): C M BREECE; G R GARRETT
Corporate Author: Social Science and Sociological Resources
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Social Science and Sociological Resources
Aurora, IL 60504
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN LAW ENFORCEMENT THROUGH ANALYSIS OF THEIR TRADITIONAL ROLE, REVIEW OF LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO POLICING, AND REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE.
Abstract: IT IS ASSERTED THAT HISTORICALLY WOMEN'S INVOLVEMENT IN POLICE WORK HAS BEEN CLOSELY LINKED WITH STEREOTYPING OF FEMALE PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND OF FEMININE SEX ROLES. THE MOST IMPORTANT LEGAL ACTION TO DATE AFFECTING DEPARTMENTAL POLICIES CONCERNING WOMEN HAS BEEN TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1965 AS AMENDED BY THE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY ACT OF 1972, WHICH PROHIBITS DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ON THE BASIS OF SEX. PUBLIC REACTION TO WOMEN IN POLICE WORK IS SAID TO VARY, WITH COMMUNITY CITIZENS ACCEPTING THIS DEVELOPMENT, BUT WITH MALE OFFICERS RESISTING IT. EVALUATION STUDIES OF PILOT PROGRAMS HAVE FOUND IMPROVED PUBLIC IMAGE, LESS VIOLENCE IN POLICE-CITIZEN ENCOUNTERS WHEN A FEMALE OFFICER IS PRESENT, AN OVERALL REDUCTION OF POLICE VIOLENCE, AND MORE SENSITIVE AND EFFECTIVE HANDLING OF RAPE AND SEXCRIME VICTIMS. DISADVANTAGES ARE SAID TO INCLUDE RESENTMENT AND OVERPROTECTIVENESS. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Civil rights; Community relations; Females; Personnel selection; Police attitudes; Police personnel; Police women; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31607

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