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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 31636 Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENT EFFECT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT - A QUESTION OF LIFE AND DEATH
Journal: AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW  Volume:55  Issue:3  Dated:(JUNE 1975)  Pages:397-417
Author(s): I EMRLICH
Corporate Author: American Economic Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: American Economic Assoc
Nashville, TN 37212
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN ANALYSIS OF THE RELATION BETWEEN MURDER AND CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, BASED ON THE PRESUMPTION THAT SOME OFFENDERS RESPOND TO INCENTIVES.
Abstract: A SET OF SPECIFIC BEHAVIORAL IMPLICATIONS WERE DERIVED FROM A SIMPLE ECONOMIC MODEL OF MURDER AND DEFENSE AGAINST MURDER AND TESTED AGAINST AVAILABLE DATA. THE THEORETICAL ANALYSIS PROVIDED SHARP PREDICTIONS CONCERNING THE SIGNS AND THE RELATIVE MAGNITUDES OF THE ELASTICITIES OF THE MURDER RATE WITH RESPECT TO THE PROBABILITY OF APPREHENSION AND THE CONDITIONAL PROBABILITIES OF CONVICTION AND EXECUTION FOR MURDER. IT SUGGESTED ALSO THE EXISTENCE OF A SYSTEMATIC RELATION BETWEEN EMPLOYMENT AND EARNING OPPORTUNITIES AND THE FREQUENCY OF MURDER AND OTHER RELATED CRIMES. ALTHOUGH IN PRINCIPLE THE NEGATIVE EFFECT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ON THE INCENTIVE TO COMMIT MURDER MAY BE PARTLY OFFSET BY THE INCENTIVE TO ELIMINATE WITNESSES, THE RESULTS ARE NOT INCONSISTENT WITH THE HYPOTHESIS THAT CAPITAL PUNISHMENT REDUCES THE MURDER RATE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Crime Rate; Deterrence; Economic analysis of crime; Economic crime models; Models; Murder
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31636

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