skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 31695 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ALIENATION IN THE PRISON SOCIETY - AN EMPIRICAL TEST
Journal: PACIFIC SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:(OCTOBER 1975)  Pages:483-499
Author(s): C W THOMAS
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73-NI-03-0002
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES FROM 276 MAXIMUM SECURITY INSTITUTION INMATES TO DETERMINE VARIABLES WHICH ACCOUNT FOR DIFFERENCES IN ALIENTATION AND WHICH MAY BE USED TO PREDICT ALIENATION.
Abstract: TWO ALTERNATIVE THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES, THE IMPORTATION AND THE DEPRIVATION MODELS, HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED TO ACCOUNT FOR VARIATIONS IN RESPONSES TO CONFINEMENT AMONG INMATE POPULATIONS. A MAJOR DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO MODELS IS THE RELATIVELY GREATER EMPHASIS IN THE IMPORTATION MODEL ON THE INFLUENCE OF VARIABLES WHICH ARE FAR REMOVED FROM THE IMMEDIATE INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXT. THE ANALYSIS PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER FOCUSES ATTENTION ON WHAT WOULD APPEAR TO BE AN IMPORTANT DIMENSION OF CONFINEMENT: THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE INMATES EXPERIENCE A HIGH LEVEL OF ALIENATION. THEORETICALLY SIGNIFICANT PREDICTORS OF ALIENATION WERE SELECTED FROM SEVERAL SETS OF RELEVANT FACTORS: SOCIAL BACKGROUND AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES IN THE PREPRISON EXPERIENCE OF THE INMATES, CRIMINAL CAREER VARIABLES, EXTRAPRISON CONTACT VARIABLES, POSTPRISON EXPECTATIONS, AND SEVERAL MEASURES OF TEMPORAL INFLUENCE. THE ANALYSIS OF QUESTIONNAIRES SHOWED THAT PREPRISON VARIABLES ACCOUNT FOR MORE OF THE EXPLAINED VARIANCE THAN DO THOSE FROM ANY OTHER SET AND THAT SOME IMPORTANCE MAY BE ASCRIBED TO BOTH CRIMINAL CAREER VARIABLES AND EXTRAPRISON INFLUENCES. LENGTH OF TIME SERVED, TOTAL LENGTH OF SENTENCE, TOTAL AMOUNT OF TIME SERVED ON THIS AND OTHER SENTENCES, AND THE PROPORTION OF THIS SENTENCE SERVED WERE ALMOST TOTALLY UNRELATED TO LEVELS OF ALIENATION. OF THE VARIABLES THAT WERE EXAMINED IN THE ANALYSIS AS POTENTIAL PREDICTORS OF ALIENATION, ONLY THOSE WHICH COULD BE DIRECTLY DERIVED FROM THE CONCEPTUALIZATION PROVIDED BY THE IMPORTATION MODEL PROVED TO BE SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCES. HOWEVER, THE PROPORTION OF THE TOTAL VARIANCE IN LEVELS OF ALIENATION THAT WAS ACCOUNTED FOR BY THESE FACTORS WAS ONLY MODERATE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Alienation; Correctional institutions (adult); Criminal histories; Data analysis; Demography; Effects of imprisonment; Inmate attitudes; Maximum security; Prediction; Questionnaires; Social conditions; Surveys; Theory
Note: REPRINT
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31695

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.