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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 31697 Find in a Library
Title: ECONOMICS OF CRIME - PUNISHMENT OR INCOME REDISTRIBUTION
Journal: REVIEW OF SOCIAL ECONOMY  Volume:33  Issue:2  Dated:(OCTOBER 1975)  Pages:113-130
Author(s): S DANZIGER; D WHEELER
Corporate Author: Assoc for Social Economics
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Assoc for Social Economics
Winona, MN 55987
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER FOCUSES ON THE PROCESS BY WHICH RELATIVE WELFARE COMPARISONS BETWEEN GROUPS MAY PRODUCE CONFLICT IN THE FORM OF CRIME, AND HYPOTHESIZES THAT INCREASES IN INCOME INEQUALITY ARE ACCOMPANIED BY CRIME INCREASES.
Abstract: THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS PAPER SYNTHESIZES SOME RECENT WORK ON THE ECONOMICS OF CRIME AND ON PARETO OPTIMAL REDISTRIBUTION AND PROVIDES A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK WHICH IMPLIES THAT THE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME HAS A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN EXPLAINING THE LEVEL OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITY. THE AUTHORS THEN PRESENT AN ECONOMETRIC MODEL DESIGNED TO TEST THIS HYPOTHESIS FOR THE UNITED STATES FOR THE PERIOD 1949-1970 AND FOR A SAMPLE OF METROPOLITAN AREAS FOR 1960. THE RESULTS SHOW THAT FLUCTUATIONS IN CRIME RATES ARE GENERATED BY CHANGES IN THE LEVEL AND DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME IN THE MANNER PREDICTED BY THE THEORY. POLICY ALTERNATIVES ARE DISCUSSED. THE PAPER CONCLUDES THAT SOME ECONOMISTS HAVE OVERSTATED THE ROLE OF PUNISHMENT AND NEGLECTED THAT OF INCOME REDISTRIBUTION AS A CRIME DETERRENT. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Crime patterns; Deterrence; Economic influences; Research; Social change; Theory
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