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NCJ Number: 31752 Find in a Library
Title: PREDICTING RECIDIVISM WITH PROMIS (PROSECUTOR'S MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM) DATA - PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM AN ANALYSIS OF DEFENDANTS IN 1973
Author(s): K M WILLIAMS
Corporate Author: INSLAW
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: INSLAW
Washington, DC 20005
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 74-NI-99-0008
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF SUCH VARIABLES AS OFFENDERS' PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS, CRIMINAL HISTORIES, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE INVOLVEMENT AND TREATMENT ON RECIDIVISM.
Abstract: THE PURPOSE OF THIS ANALYSIS WAS TO IDENTIFY THE DEFENDANTS MOST LIKELY TO RECIDIVATE WHEN THEY FIRST ENTER THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND TO EVALUATE DECISIONS MADE BY THE POLICE, PROSECUTOR, DEFENSE COUNSEL AND JUDGE DURING THE PROCESSING OF A CASE, IN TERMS OF THEIR EFFECTS ON THE PROBABILITY, FREQUENCY, AND SERIOUSNESS OF RECIDIVISM. FIVE MEASURES OF RECIDIVISM WERE USED. DATA WAS BASED ON THE 15,460 CASES BROUGHT TO THE PROSECUTOR IN 1973, INVOLVING 12,382 DEFENDANTS. ONE OF THE PRIMARY FINDINGS OF THE ANALYSIS WAS THAT PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEFENDANT AND CHARACTERISTICS OF HIS CRIMINAL HISTORY WERE MORE IMPORTANT DETERMINANTS OF RECIDIVISM THAN ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM DURING CASE PROCESSING. SUCH CHARACTERISTICS AS RACE, AGE, SEX, EMPLOYMENT STATUS, ALCOHOL ABUSE, AND OPIATE USE WERE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO FREQUENCY AND SERIOUSNESS OF FUTURE CRIMINAL ACTS. THE ITEMS IN THE DEFENDANT'S CRIMINAL HISTORY WERE ALL STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT. THE CRIMINAL PROCESSING VARIABLES WHICH SEEMED TO AFFECT RECIDIVISM ARE ALSO DISCUSSED.
Index Term(s): Criminal histories; Criminal justice system effectiveness; Data analysis; Demography; District of Columbia; Judicial process; Prosecution; Prosecutors Management Information System; Recidivism prediction; Social conditions; Statistical analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=31752

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