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NCJ Number: 32719 Find in a Library
Title: PARADOXICAL EFFECT OF LABELING
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY AND PENOLOGY  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1976)  Pages:1-7
Author(s): G FISHMAN
Corporate Author: Academic Press Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press Ltd
London Nw1,, England
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS STUDY SURVEYED 63 JUVENILE DELINQUENTS TO DETERMINE WHETHER OFFICIAL CONTACT WITH A LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY CAUSES ADOPTION OF A NEGATIVE SELF PERCEPTION AND WHETHER THIS NEGATIVE VIEW USUALLY LEADS TO FURTHER DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED AT A JUVENILE DELINQUENCY TREATMENT CENTER IN A MIDWESTERN STATE. ALL THE BOYS WHO RESIDED IN THE INSTITUTION FROM 1961 TO 1973 WERE INCLUDED AS POTENTIAL SUBJECTS. OF THESE, ONLY 63 COULD BE CONTACTED. SURVEYS WHICH QUESTIONED THE SUBJECTS' DEVIANT SELF PERCEPTION, THE WAY THEY THOUGHT OTHERS PERCEIVED THEM, AND WHETHER THEY FELT THAT THEY HAD BEEN DENIED EMPLOYMENT BECAUSE OF A PAST RECORDS. OTHER INDICES AND SCALES WERE ALSO UTILIZED TO OBTAIN POSTRELEASE INFORMATION ON THE SUBJECTS WHICH SERVES AS AN OVERALL ADJUSTMENT MEASURE. THESE INDICES MEASURED CRIMINAL INVOLVEMENT, JOB ADJUSTMENT, AND SELF DEVELOPMENT. THE DATA SHOWED THAT MOST OF THOSE SURVEYED DID NOT DEVELOP NEGATIVE SELF IDENTITIES, AND THAT THE OFFENSE RATE FOR THOSE WITH DELINQUENT SELF PERCEPTIONS WAS NOT HIGHER THAN THE RATES FOR THOSE WITHOUT DELINQUENT SELF CONCEPTS. IT WAS DISCOVERED THAT THE MORE SERIOUS OFFENDERS, THOSE WHO WERE RECOMMITTED FOR LONGER TERMS, WERE NOT THOSE WHO DEVELOPED NEGATIVE SELF PERCEPTIONS AS A RESULT OF LABELING, BUT THOSE WHO WERE NOT AFFECTED BY THE LABELING PROCESS. IN LIGHT OF THESE FINDINGS, THE AUTHOR PROPOSES A REVISION OF THE TRADITIONAL LABELING HYPOTHESIS.
Index Term(s): Deviance; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Recidivism; Labeling theory; Longitudinal studies; Perception; Questionnaires; Role perception; Self concept
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=32719

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