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NCJ Number: 32721 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL STATISTICS - THE POLICE ROLE IN THE DISCOVERY AND DETECTION OF CRIME
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY AND PENOLOGY  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1976)  Pages:33-58
Author(s): A K BOTTOMLEY; C A COLEMAN
Corporate Author: Academic Press Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press Ltd
London Nw1,, England
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS PAPER REPORTS SOME PRELIMINARY FINDINGS OF A STUDY WHICH EXAMINED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CENTRAL ASPECTS OF POLICE WORK IN DETECTING CRIME AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS OF CRIME.
Abstract: THE PILOT SURVEY EXAMINED A RANDOM SAMPLE OF INDICTABLE CRIMES REPORTED TO THE POLICE OF A MEDIUM-SIZED CITY IN THE NORTH OF ENGLAND. IN THIS STUDY, THE RESEARCHERS EXAMINED: (A) THE NATURE OF POLICE ACCOUNTS, AS THESE PROVIDE THE BASIC RAW MATERIAL OUT OF WHICH OFFICIAL CRIME STATISTICS ARE SUBSEQUENTLY CONSTRUCTED; (B) THE DISCOVERY OF CRIME, IN WHICH THE RELATIVE ROLES OF POLICE, VICTIMS, AND MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC WHO REPORT CRIMES ARE EXAMINED; AND (C) THE DETECTION OR CLEARANCE OF REPORTED CRIME, IN WHICH THE METHODS BEHIND THE STATISTIC OF DETECTED CRIME ARE EXPLORED. THE AUTHOR'S CONCLUDE THAT THE REAL PROBLEMATICS SURROUNDING UNDETECTED CRIME AND UNDETECTED CRIMINALS DO NOT LIE IN THE INITIATIVE, DISCRETION, AND DETECTION METHODS OF THE POLICE BUT IN THE ROLE OF OTHER MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC WHO CRUCIALLY INFLUENCE BOTH THE DEFINITION OF CRIME AND ULTIMATELY THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF OFFICIAL CRIME DATA. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Clearance rates; Crime Statistics; England; Police discretion; Police records; Police statistics; Sociology; Unreported crimes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=32721

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