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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 32843 Find in a Library
Title: SPONTANEOUS VIGILANTES
Journal: SOCIETY  Volume:13  Issue:3  Dated:(MARCH/APRIL 1976)  Pages:30-32
Author(s): R L SHOTLAND
Corporate Author: Transaction Publishers
Rutgers-the State University
Distribution
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: Transaction Publishers
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: 'SPONTANEOUS VIGILANTISM' IS DEFINED AS THE ACT BY A GROUP OF BYSTANDERS OF NOT ONLY APPREHENDING A SUSPECTED WRONGDOER BUT INSTANTLY METING OUT PUNISHMENT AND RETRIBUTION OUTSIDE THE NORMAL JUDICIAL PROCESS.
Abstract: THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE CONDITIONS WHICH AFFECT HOW A GROUP OF BYSTANDERS RESPOND TO A CRIMINAL ACT AND DEVELOPS A MODEL CONCERNED WITH THE DETERMINANTS OF SPONTANEOUS VIGILANTISM. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT, AS A RESPONSE TO AN ANTISOCIAL ACT, THEREFORE, SPONTANEOUS VIGILANTISM MAY BE EXPECTED WHEN FIVE CONDITIONS EXIST: (1) AFTER A CRIME HAS BEEN COMMITTED OR A RUMOR EXISTS INDICATING THAT A CRIME HAS BEEN COMMITTED, WHERE THE INTERPRETATION OF THE INCIDENT IS UNAMBIGUOUS AND CLEAR, AND WHERE THE OPINION OF THE BYSTANDERS OR COMMUNITY IS UNANIMOUS CONCERNING BLAME FOR THE CRIME; (2) IN HIGHCRIME AREAS WHERE CRIME IS OF SPECIAL CONCERN TO THE RESIDENTS; (3) IN ETHNIC AREAS WHERE PEOPLE DEVELOP A SENSE OF EMPATHY AND COMMUNITY; (4) IN AREAS WHERE THE POPULATION FEELS THAT THE LEGAL PROCESS IS INADEQUATE IN DEALING WITH THE CRIME PROBLEM; AND (5) IN POOR AREAS WHERE CONDITIONS OF GOAL BLOCKING OR FRUSTRATION EXIST. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Citizen crime tolerance; Community action programs; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Motivation; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=32843

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