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NCJ Number: 32860 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DESIGN DIRECTIVES FOR ACHIEVING DEFENSIBLE SPACE
Author(s): O NEWMAN
Corporate Author: Ctr for Residential Security Design
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 111
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr for Residential Security Design
New York, NY 10003
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: NI-70-015; NI-70-082; NI-71-127
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS HANDBOOK WAS PREPARED FOR ARCHITECTS, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS, CITY PLANNERS, AND HOUSING OFFICIALS TO ASSIST THEM IN PROVIDING SECURITY IN THE INITIAL DESIGN AND PROGRAMMING OF NEW RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS.
Abstract: CHAPTER I SUMMARIZES IN DETAIL THE VARIOUS WORKING COMPONENTS OF DEFENSIBLE SPACE: TERRITORIALITY, SURVEILLANCE, IMAGE, AND URBAN LOCALE. CHAPTERS II AND III ARE EACH A COMPLETION OF SPECIFIC DESIGN DIRECTIVES WITH ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PRINCIPLES OF DEFENSIBLE SPACE. THEY INTENTIONALLY ADDRESS SPECIFIC COMPONENT AREAS OF HOUSING DESIGN AND AVOID CONCERN WITH TOTAL SOLUTIONS. CHAPTER II IS DEVOTED TO SITE PLANNING PRINCIPLES AND CHAPTER III TO BUILDING DESIGN PRINCIPLES. THE DIRECTIVES FORMULATED IN BOTH CHAPTERS CAN BE USED BY ARCHITECTS TO PRODUCE DESIGNS FOR RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZE AND DENSITY, AND IN VARIOUS URBAN LOCATIONS. THE FINAL CHAPTER OF THE BOOK IS DEVOTED TO A DISCUSSION OF BUILDING CODES AND TO PROBLEMS THE PRESENT CODE STRUCTURE CREATES IN PROVIDING SECURITY IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS. THE LACK OF SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS IN MOST BUILDING CODES IS DISCUSSED PRIOR TO AN ARTICULATION OF VARIOUS AREAS THAT MUST BE CONSIDERED IN FRAMING A HOUSING SECURITY CODE: THESE RANGE FROM SPECIFICATIONS FOR HARDWARE AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS TO THE DESIGN OF CIRCULATION, ACCESS AND EGRESS SYSTEMS IN MULTI-FAMILY DWELLINGS. THE GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS THAT MUST BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN FRAMING AND IMPLEMENTING CODES FORM THE CONCLUDING PORTION OF THIS CHAPTER. SEE ALSO NCJ-32857 AND 32858. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Crime prevention measures; Environmental design; Planning; Procedure manuals; Residential security; Security codes and ordinances; Urban area studies
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