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NCJ Number: 32897 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME PREVENTION AND THE DISPLACEMENT PHENOMENON
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(APRIL 1976)  Pages:166-177
Author(s): T A REPPETTO
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: EXAMINATION OF ARGUMENT THAT CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS WHICH STRESS OPPORTUNITY REDUCTION OR INCREASED RISK TO OFFENDERS MERELY DISPLACE CRIME - THAT IS, SHIFT ITS INCIDENCE TO OTHER FORMS, TIMES, AND LOCALES.
Abstract: THE PAPER IS BASED IN PART ON TWO EMPIRICAL STUDIES THAT EXAMINED THE CRIMINAL HISTORIES OF AND INTERVIEWS WITH 146 ROBBERS AND BURGLARS. DETERMINISTIC AND OPPORTUNISTIC CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AND THE INFLUENCE OF PERSONALITY, AGE, AND CRIME TYPE ON THE DISPLACEMENT POTENTIAL OF VARIOUS OFFENDERS ARE ANALYZED. THE RESULTS SUGGEST THAT THERE ARE DEFINITE LIMITS TO VARIOUS DISPLACEMENT POSSIBILITIES. SOME CRIMES ARE SO OPPORTUNISTIC THAT THEIR PREVENTION IN ONE CIRCUMSTANCE WILL LEAD TO THEIR OCCURRENCE IN ANOTHER. EVEN IN INSTANCES WHERE OFFENDERS BLOCKED IN ONE SPHERE WOULD WISH TO OPERATE IN ANOTHER, LIMITS AND COSTS WILL LESSEN THE FREQUENCY OF OPERATION AND THEREFORE REDUCE THE OVERALL CRIME RATE. THE STUDY FURTHER SUGGESTS THAT THE LIMITATIONS TO DISPLACEMENT ARE SALIENT FOR SPECIFIC TYPES OF CRIMES, CRIMINALS, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREAS. THUS THE DISPLACEMENT POTENTIAL OF AN ANTICRIME STRATEGY CAN BE GAUGED IN ADVANCE AND, IN CERTAIN INSTANCES, BE MINIMIZED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs; Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Criminal methods; Deterrence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=32897

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