skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 34436 Find in a Library
Title: PROBATION AND INDIVIDUALIZED DISPOSITION - A STUDY OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRESENTENCE RECOMMENDATION
Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(1975-1976)  Pages:31-81
Author(s): P M CURRY
Corporate Author: University of Texas
School of Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 51
Sponsoring Agency: University of Texas
Austin, TX 78705
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A STUDY OF 128 PRESENTENCE REPORTS WHICH ANALYZED THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE REPORT RECOMMENDATION TO SUCH VARIABLES AS CRIMINAL RECORDS, PROCEDURAL FACTORS, DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES, AND EVIDENCE OF STABILITY.
Abstract: THE SAMPLE WAS DRAWN FROM THE 748 CONVICTED MALE OFFENDERS REFERRED TO THE TEXAS COUNTY ADULT PROBATION DEPARTMENT IN 1973. THE ANALYSIS SHOWED THAT THE FACTORS REPRESENTING ELEMENTS IN THE CRIMINAL RECORD OF THE DEFENDANT THAT WERE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO THE RECOMMENDATION BY THE PROBATION DEPARTMENT WERE: THE NUMBER OF ARRESTS AS A JUVENILE AND AS AN ADULT, THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PRIOR CONVICTIONS, THE TYPE OF PRIOR CONVICTIONS, PRIOR IMPRISONMENT, PRIOR PROBATION OR PAROLE, AND PRIOR PROBATION OR PAROLE REVOCATION. THE TYPE OF OFFENSE FOR WHICH THE DEFENDANT WAS CONVICTED AND WHETHER HE HAD BEEN ADJUDICATED DELINQUENT WERE NOT SO RELATED. OF THE FOUR CHARACTERISTICS STUDIED WHICH WERE PROCEDURAL IN NATURE, WHETHER A DEFENDANT HAD APPOINTED COUNSEL, WHETHER HE OBTAINED PRETRIAL FREEDOM THROUGH BOND OR PERSONAL RECOGNIZANCE, AND THE NUMBER OF DAYS HE HAD BEEN CONFINED IN JAIL PRIOR TO THE DECISION OF THE PROBATION DEPARTMENT WERE SIGNIFICANT FACTORS; WHETHER THE DEFENDANT ENTERED A PLEA OF GUILTY, HOWEVER, WAS NOT. ALTHOUGH RACE WAS NOT A SIGNIFICANT DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLE, AGE WAS FOUND TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED. AMONG THE CHARACTERISTICS THOUGHT TO DENOTE ACHIEVEMENT AND STABILITY, THE INCOME OF THE DEFENDANT, WHETHER HE WAS CURRENTLY EMPLOYED AND WHETHER HE EVIDENCED EMPLOYMENT AND RESIDENTIAL STABILITY WERE ASSOCIATED IN A SIGNIFICANT WAY WITH THE PRESENTENCE RECOMMENDATION. THE EDUCATION OF THE DEFENDANT, HIS MARITAL STATUS AND THE NUMBER OF HIS DEPENDENTS WERE NOT ASSOCIATED WITH THE DECISION OF THE PROBATION DEPARTMENT. THE NEED FOR CERTAIN PROCEDURAL REFORMS IS DISCUSSED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Criminal histories; Decisionmaking; Demography; Presentence investigations; Sentencing/Sanctions; Social conditions; Texas
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=34436

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.