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NCJ Number: 34573 Find in a Library
Title: ECONOMICS, IDEOLOGY AND CRIMINAL POLICY - SENTENCING AND PENAL REFORMS IN NEW ZEALAND, 1954-1970
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY AND PENOLOGY  Volume:1  Dated:(1973)  Pages:363-374
Author(s): P O'MALLEY; S D WEBB
Corporate Author: Seminar Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Seminar Press, Inc
New York, NY 10003
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ECONOMIC TRENDS AND PENAL REFORMS IN NEW ZEALAND FROM 1954 TO 1970 ARE EXAMINED TO ASSESS THE AUTHORS' CLAIM THAT ECONOMIC AND LOGISTICAL CONSIDERATIONS ARE AS IMPORTANT TO PENAL REFORM AS IDEOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS.
Abstract: IT IS NOTED THAT RECENT DEMANDS TO MAXIMIZE THE REFORM CAPACITY OF THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM AND, AT THE SAME TIME, TO CONTROL THE COST, HAVE FACED ADMINISTRATORS WITH THE PROBLEM OF RESOLVING POTENTIALLY CONTRARY NECESSITIES DEMANDED BY CHANGING CRIMINOGENIC, IDEOLOGICAL, AND ECONOMIC PRESSURES. THE AUTHORS EXAMINE MAJOR TRENDS IN SENTENCING AND INCARCERATION IN NEW ZEALAND, AND DISCUSS THE USE OF INCARCERATIVE SANCTIONS, NON-INCARCERATIVE SANCTIONS, AND SEMI-INCARCERATIVE SANCTIONS SUCH AS PERIODIC DETENTION. THE AUTHORS CONCLUDE THAT AN OVERALL PICTURE EMERGES IN WHICH ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS HAVE MORE OR LESS DICTATED THE ADOPTION OF CERTAIN SENTENCING POLICIES WHICH ARE ALSO CONSISTENT WITH REFORM-ORIENTED GOALS OF CORRECTION. THEY ARGUE THAT THE MASSIVE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CONVICTED OFFENDERS WHICH HAS OCCURRED OVER THE LAST TWO DECADES HAS REQUIRED THAT LESS EXPENSIVE MEANS OF DEALING WITH SUCH PERSONS BE DEVELOPED, AND THUS IT IS NOT SURPRISING THAT THE MOST RAPIDLY GROWING FORM OF SENTENCE HAS BEEN THAT WHICH IS MOST ECONOMICALLY VIABLE, I.E., THE FINE, AND THAT THE PROPORTION OF PERSONS SENTENCED TO INCARCERATION HAS DECREASED MARKEDLY. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Costs; Fines; New Zealand; Operating costs; Probation; Reform; Sentencing/Sanctions
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