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NCJ Number: 34757 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL CONTROL AND SOCIAL LEARNING MODELS OF DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR - A SYNTHESIS
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:(MAY 1976)  Pages:17-40
Author(s): R D CONGER
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS AND COMPARES THESE TWO MODELS BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF DATA OF TWO STUDIES - A 1964 SEATTLE (WA) STUDY OF 374 SEVENTH GRADE BOYS AND A 1965 CALIFORNIA STUDY OF 1588 NONBLACK HIGH SCHOOL MALES.
Abstract: THE SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY POSTULATES THAT DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR BECOMES MORE PROBABLE AS THE INDIVIDUAL'S BOND TO SOCIETY WEAKENS. THE SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY SUGGESTS THAT BEHAVIOR IS MAINTAINED BY THE EFFECTS IT HAS ON THE ENVIRONMENT (VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT). THIS STUDY FOCUSES ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CONTROL AND SOCIAL LEARNING AT THE LEVEL OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, SPECIFICALLY THE JOINT INFLUENCES OF PARENTS AND PEERS AS THEY RELATE TO DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR. ANALYSIS OF THE DATA SHOWS THAT PREDICTIONS FROM THE SOCIAL LEARNING MODEL GO BEYOND, RATHER THAN DISAGREES WITH, THE SOCIAL CONTROL PERSPECTIVE. THUS, ATTACHMENTS ARE AN IMPORTANT INFLUENCE ON DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR ONLY WHEN THE SOURCE OF ATTACHMENT IS TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION. FURTHER, THE DATA PRESENTED SUGGESTS THAT OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING HAS AN INFLUENCE ON DELINQUENT ACTS AS SUGGESTED BY SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY. PARTICULAR PARENTAL BEHAVIORS WHICH INFLUENCE THE REINFORCING VALUE OF THE HOME APPEAR TO HAVE THE PRIMARY INFLUENCE THE REINFORCING VALUE OF THE HOME APPEAR TO HAVE THE PRIMARY INFLUENCE ON DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN THE PARENT/CHILD BOND. FROM THIS STUDY, IT IS CONCLUDED THAT A COMBINATION OF THE SOCIAL 'BONDING' NOTION FROM CONTROL THEORY ALONG WITH SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL LEARNING LAY THE GROUNDWORK FOR A MORE COMPREHENSIVE THEORY OF DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR THAN EITHER PERSPECTIVE ALONE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Evaluation; Juvenile delinquency factors; Studies; Theory
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=34757

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