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NCJ Number: 35111 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINALITY AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
Author(s): S B GUZE
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 190
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press, Inc
New York, NY 10016
Sale Source: Oxford University Press, Inc
198 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS BOOK REVIEWS THE FINDINGS OF A FIFTEEN-YEAR PSYCHIATRIC STUDY AND FOLLOW-UP OF 233 MALE FELONS (PAROLEES AND FLAT-TIMERS) AND 66 FEMALE FELONS (ALL PAROLEES) IN MISSOURI.
Abstract: THIS STUDY, BEGUN IN 1959, INVOLVED PSYCHIATRICALLY UNBIASED SELECTION OF BOTH MALE AND FEMALE CRIMINALS, USE OF A STANDARDIZED RESEARCH INTERVIEW; APPLICATION OF EXPLICIT DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA BASED UPON INDEPENDENT FOLLOW-UP AND FAMILY STUDIES, REPEATED FOLLOW-UP BASED ON MULTIPLE RECORDS AND PERSONAL INTERVIEWS, AND SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF FIRST-DEGREE RELATIVES AND SPOUSES. STUDY RESULTS INDICATED THAT SOCIOPATHY, ALCOHOLISM, AND DRUG DEPENDENCE WERE THE PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH MAJOR CRIME. SCHIZOPHRENIA, PRIMARY AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, ANXIETY NEUROSIS, OBSESSIONAL NEUROSIS, PHOBIC NEUROSIS, BRAIN SYNDROMES, AND SEXUAL DEVIANCE WITHOUT SOCIOPATHY, ALCOHOLISM, OR DRUG DEPENDENCE WERE FOUND NOT TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH FELONY. IN ADDITION, A NOTABLE REDUCTION IN RECIDIVISM WAS FOUND WITH INCREASING AGE - FROM APPROXIMATELY AGE 40. THE AUTHOR AND ORIGINAL RESEARCHER OFFERS A TENTATIVE STATEMENT ABOUT SOCIOPATHY: THAT IT IS A HETEROGENEOUS CONDITION, SEEN MUCH MORE OFTEN IN VERY DISTURBED FAMILIES AND UNDER ADVERSE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS. HEREDITARY PREDISPOSITION AND ABNORMAL BRAIN FUNCTION MAY CHARACTERIZE SOME CASES. ONE OF THE UNEXPECTED RESULTS OF THESE STUDIES WAS THE EVIDENCE FOR A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOPATHY AND HYSTERIA, THE FORMER PREDOMINANTLY A DISORDER OF MEN, AND THE LATTER, OF WOMEN. THIS FINDING WOULD SUGGEST THAT THE SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE TWO DISORDERS ARE RESTRICTED TO OVERT MANIFESTATIONS, AND THAT ETIOLOGIC AND PATHOGENETIC PROCESSES ARE SIMILAR. A 104-ITEM LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Follow-up contacts; Mental disorders; Missouri; Psychiatry; Sociopaths; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=35111

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