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NCJ Number: 35341 Find in a Library
Title: STUDIES OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD TRANSIT CRIME AND VANDALISM (FROM CRIME AND VANDALISM IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, 1974 - SEE NCJ-35338)
Author(s): E J THRASHER; J B SCHNELL
Corporate Author: Transportation Research Board
United States of America
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER DESCRIBES THE FINDINGS OF SIX STUDIES IN FIVE CITIES ON THE QUESTION OF WHETHER FEAR OF TRANSIT CRIME AND VANDALISM AFFECTS A PERSON'S DECISION TO USE URBAN MASS TRANSIT SYSTEMS.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH THE STUDIES DO NOT GIVE A FIRM ANSWER, THEY OFFER SOME TENTATIVE CONCLUSIONS: TRANSIT CRIME AND VANDALISM CAN EXERT STRONG INFLUENCE ON DECISIONS CONCERNING USE OF URBAN TRANSIT, BUT THERE ARE MANY VARIATIONS DEPENDING ON THE VOLUME OF CRIME OR VANDALISM IN THE AREA SERVED BY A PARTICULAR ROUTE, THE TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES AVAILABLE TO PASSENGERS, THE HOURS AT WHICH THEY MUST RIDE, AND OTHER FACTORS. IN GENERAL, TRANSIT CRIME AND VANDALISM ARE MORE LIKELY TO INFLUENCE PASSENGER DECISIONS CONCERNING RIDING ON RAPID TRANSIT THAN ON BUSES. RIDERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO VIEW WITH SERIOUS CONCERN THE POTENTIALLY MENACING ASPECTS OF ROWDYISM SUCH AS VERBAL THREATS AND VANDALISM THAN 'NUISANCE' ASPECTS SUCH AS THE PUSHING AND SHOVING INVOLVED IN HORSEPLAY. RIDERS' CONCERN IS LIKELY TO BE MORE INTENSE WHEN THEY PERSONALLY WITNESS CRIME OR SERIOUS ROWDYISM THAN WHEN THEY ARE NOT PERSONALLY INVOLVED. THOSE WHO ARE RELUCTANT TO RIDE URBAN TRANSIT BECAUSE OF PERSONAL SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS LEAST FAVOR RIDING AFTER 7:00 P.M. TRANSIT CRIME AND VANDALISM MAY HAVE A POTENTIAL INFLUENCE ON ALL CLASSES OF RIDERS REGARDLESS OF AGE OR SEX, ALTHOUGH POSSIBLY NOT IN THE SAME DEGREE. IT IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT TO ESTABLISH THAT A GIVEN CHANGE IN RIDERSHIP IS CAUSED BY A SINGLE FACTOR SUCH AS CRIME OR VANDALISM. IN ANY SITUATION, THERE MAY BE A COMBINATION OF FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE RIDERSHIP AND MAKE IT ALL BUT IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE OF INFLUENCE OF ANY ONE FACTOR. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT) MILWAUKEE, BALTIMORE, CLEVELAND, CHICAGO
Index Term(s): Crime costs; District of Columbia; Fear of crime; Illinois; Maryland; Mass transit security; Ohio; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Urban area studies; Wisconsin
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