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NCJ Number: 35464 Find in a Library
Title: GUILTY PLEA NEGOTIATIONS AND THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE OF EVIDENCE - A CASE STUDY OF CHICAGO NARCOTICS COURTS
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:67  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1976)  Pages:89-98
Author(s): J A GILBOY
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
School of Law
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Chicago, IL 60611
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE EXAMINES THE EXTENT TO WHICH PROSECUTORS OFFER DEFENDANTS MORE LENIENT SENTENCES IF THE DEFENSE AGREES TO FOREGO THE FILING OF A MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE ILLEGALLY OBTAINED BY THE POLICE.
Abstract: THE FOCUS IS ON THE NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLEA NEGOTATION AND THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE OF EVIDENCE AS PORTRAYED IN THE COMMENTS AND ACTIONS OF PROSECUTORS IN TWO CHICAGO (IL) BRANCH COURTS ESPECIALLY CREATED TO HANDLE NARCOTICS OFFENSES. STUDY DATA WAS BASED ON 31 DAYS OF OBSERVATIONS OF COURT HEARINGS AND PLEA NEGOTIATIONS, INTERVIEWS WITH SIX PROSECUTORS, AND DEFENSE ATTORNEYS' DESCRIPTIONS OF PRACTISING LAW IN THE NARCOTICS COURTS. DISCUSSED ARE THE SETTING OF PLEA NEGOTIATIONS IN THE NARCOTICS BRANCH COURTS, VOLUNTARY DISMISSALS OF CASES APART FROM PLEA NEGOTIATIONS, PROSECUTORIAL POLICIES ON PLEA NEGOTIATIONS IN RELATION TO THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE, AND SITUATIONAL CONCESSIONS INHERENT IN FELONY PLEA NEGOTIATION AT THE BRANCH COURT LEVEL. STUDY DATA REVEALED NO SUPPORT FOR THE SPECULATION AND FEAR THAT SOME PROSECUTORS MAY BE INCLINED TO USE THE PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS AS A MEANS OF INDUCING WHOLESALE ABANDONMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE. THE SUPERVISING STATE'S ATTORNEY IN THE BRANCH COURTS HAD A STATED POLICY, WHICH HE APPEARED TO FOLLOW IN ALMOST ALL CASES, OF MAKING SENTENCING OFFERS INDEPENDENT OF WHETHER MOTIONS TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE WOULD OR WOULD NOT BE MADE AT THE BRANCH COURT LEVEL.
Index Term(s): Case studies; Exclusionary rule; Illinois; Plea negotiations; Pleas; Policy analysis
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