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NCJ Number: 35506 Find in a Library
Title: CRISIS IN CRIME - HOW TO CRACK DOWN ON RAPE
Journal: ENFORCEMENT JOURNAL  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY/MARCH 1976)  Pages:19,21 AND 22
Author(s): J A MCCREIGHT; J A LASH; H A KATERSKY
Corporate Author: National Police Officers Assoc of America, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Police Officers Assoc of America, Inc
Venice, FL 33595
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FOLLOWING A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE USUAL PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY POLICE IN DEALING WITH THE CRIME OF RAPE, THIS ARTICLE OUTLINES THE SPECIFIC REFORMS AND PROCEDURES INSTITUTED BY THE DETROIT POLICE TO COMBAT RAPE.
Abstract: THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM MUST DEAL WITH MANY PROBLEMS WHEN HANDLING A CASE OF RAPE: LOW REPORTING RATES, VICTIM RELUCTANCE TO TESTIFY, AND TECHNICALITIES IN RAPE LAWS. NATIONAL STATISTICS ILLUSTRATE THIS PROBLEM - IT IS ESTIMATED THAT FOR EACH 700 ACTUAL RAPES, ONLY 200 ARE REPORTED; OF THESE, ONLY 100 ARE CLEARED BY ARREST AND ONLY 14 INDIVIDUALS ARE FOUND GUILITY. IN NOVEMBER 1973, THE DETROIT POLICE DEPARTMENT UNDERTOOK A CONCERTED ATTACK ON THE CRIME OF RAPE. A TASK FORCE WAS FORMED, INCLUDING THE DEPARTMENT'S WOMEN AND CHILDREN SERVICES SECTION, MEMBERS OF THE TACTICAL MOBILE UNIT, UNDERCOVER OFFICERS, PROSECUTORS, AND CONSULTANTS. A WIDE VARIETY OF CHANGES IN POLICE PROCEDURES WERE IMPLEMENTED, INCLUDING THE IMMEDIATE DISPATCHING OF SPECIAL INVESTIGATIVE TEAMS TO THE RAPE SCENE, SPECIAL EVIDENCE COLLECTION TECHNIQUES, USE OF TRACKING DOGS AT THE SCENE OF THE CRIME, COORDINATION OF WARRANT REQUESTS WITH THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE AND MORE SENSITIVE COMMUNICATION METHODS WITH RAPE VICTIMS AND THEIR FAMILIES. PRELIMINARY DATA HAVE SHOWN MORE CASES 'CLOSED THROUGH ARREST' AND A DECREASE IN RAPE CASES DURING THE PROGRAM. IT IS ALSO NOTED THAT THE RAPE REDUCTION EFFORT WAS ONE OF MANY FACTORS WHICH EVENTUALLY LED TO A FUNDAMENTAL REORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT.
Index Term(s): Clearance rates; Crime Control Programs; Crime specific countermeasures; Michigan; Police crime-prevention; Police manpower deployment; Rape
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=35506

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