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NCJ Number: 35542 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF CRIME PREVENTION
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:22  Issue:3  Dated:(JULY 1976)  Pages:284-296
Author(s): P J BRANTINGHA; F L FAUST
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE EXAMINES THE PHILOSOPHICAL ROOTS AND RELATED DEFINITIONAL ISSUES OF CRIME PREVENTION, OUTLINES A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR CRIME PREVENTION, AND SPECIFIES DIRECTIONS FOR CRIME PREVENTION THEORIES AND PROGRAMS.
Abstract: IT IS NOTED THAT CRIME PREVENTION IS THE PROFESSED MISSION OF EVERY AGENCY FOUND WITHIN THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. IN PRACTICE, THE TERM PREVENTION SEEMS TO BE APPLIED CONFUSINGLY TO A WIDE ARRAY OF CONTRADICTORY ACTIVITIES. THE AUTHORS STATE THAT THIS CONFUSION CAN BE AVOIDED THROUGH THE USE OF A CONCEPTUAL MODEL THAT DEFINES THREE LEVELS OF PREVENTION: (1) PRIMARY PREVENTION, DIRECTED AT MODIFICATION OF CRIMINOGENIC CONDITIONS IN THE PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT AT LARGE; (2) SECONDARY PREVENTION, DIRECTED AT EARLY IDENTIFICATION AND INTERVENTION IN THE LIVES OF INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS IN CRIMINOGENIC CIRCUMSTANCES; AND (3) TERTIARY PREVENTION, DIRECTED AT PREVENTION OF RECIDIVISM. THE AUTHORS MAINTAIN THAT THE USE OF SUCH A CONCEPTUAL MODEL HELPS TO CLARIFY CURRENT CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS, SUGGESTS FRUITFUL DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH BY IDENTIFYING CURRENT LACUNAE IN PRACTICE AND IN THE RESEARCH LITERATURE, AND MAY ULTIMATELY PROVE HELPFUL IN ADDRESSING THE SEEMINGLY ENDLESS DEBATE BETWEEN ADVOCATES OF PUNISHMENT AND ADVOCATES OF TREATMENT. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Crime prevention measures; Models; Recidivism; Theory
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=35542

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