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NCJ Number: 35685 Find in a Library
Title: TOWARD A THEORY OF CRIMINAL DETERRENCE
Journal: AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:(JUNE 1976)  Pages:442-461
Author(s): M SILBERMAN
Corporate Author: American Sociological Review
Managing Editor
American Sociological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: American Sociological Review
Washington, DC 20036
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED, AXIOMATIC THEORY OF CRIMINAL DETERRENCE.
Abstract: THE EXISTING THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL LITERATURE IS REVIEWED IN ORDER TO IDENTIFY THOSE FACTORS BELIEVED TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH THE DETERRENCE OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. BASED ON A SAMPLE OF 174 UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AT A SMALL, PRIVATE UNIVERSITY, THIS STUDY EVALUATES THE ADDITIVE AND INTERACTION EFFECTS OF SEVERAL INDEPENDENT VARIABLES, THE DEGREE OF MORAL COMMITMENT TO THE LEGAL NORM, THE PERCEIVED THREAT (CERTAINTY AND SEVERITY) OF PUNISHMENT, AND PATTERNS OF DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION ON SELF-REPORTED CRIMINALITY. EMPLOYING A COMPLEX CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS AND A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, THE EXISTENCE AND MAGNITUDE OF THE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE VARIABLES STUDIED WERE FOUND TO BE CONTINGENT ON THE LEVEL OF ANALYSIS (INDIVIDUAL VERSUS OFFENSE), THE LEVEL OF PERCEIVED CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT, THE LEVEL OF CONFORMITY OR COMMITMENT TO THE LEGAL NORM, THE TYPE OF OFFENSE (E.G., OFFENSES AGAINST THE PERSON) AND SEX ROLE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Deviance; Punishment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=35685

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