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NCJ Number: 36049 Find in a Library
Title: POPULATION DENSITY AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR IN A PRISON SETTING (FROM PRISON VIOLENCE, 1976, BY ALBERT COHEN, GEORGE COLE, ROBERT BAILEY - SEE NCJ-36045)
Author(s): E I MEGARGEE
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: REPORT ON A STUDY DESIGNED TO INVESTIGATE THE RELATION OF POPULATION SIZE AND POPULATION DENSITY ON THE INCIDENCE OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR OVER A THREE-YEAR PERIOD IN A PRISON FOR MALE YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS AGED 18 TO 25.
Abstract: THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED AT THE FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION (FCI) AT TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, A MEDIUM SECURITY INSTITUTION, FROM NOVEMBER 1971 THROUGH OCTOBER 1974. DURING THIS PERIOD, FCI WAS RENOVATING ITS DORMITORIES AND WAS RELOCATING THE EXTRA INMATES IN WITH OTHER PRISONERS. THREE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES - INMATE POPULATION, TOTAL SPACE, AND SPACE PER RESIDENT - WERE CORRELATED WITH THE TOTAL NUMBER OF DISCIPLINARY VIOLATIONS AND THE RATE OF VIOLATIONS PER 100 RESIDENTS. PARTIAL CORRELATIONS WERE ALSO COMPUTED BETWEEN POPULATION AND SPACE AND THE NUMBER AND RATE OF INCIDENT REPORTS. THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY INDICATED THAT, IN A PRISON SETTING, WHERE CROWDED CONDITIONS ARE CHRONIC RATHER THAN TEMPORARY (AS IN LABORATORY RESEARCH) AND WHERE PEOPLE PRONE TO ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR ARE GATHERED TOGETHER, THERE IS A CLEAR ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RESTRICTIONS ON PERSONAL SPACE AND THE OCCURRENCE OF DISRUPTIVE AND AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR. HOWEVER, SINCE THE CHANGES IN AVAILABLE SPACE CORRELATED MORE STRONGLY WITH DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR THAN DID CHANGES IN THE NUMBER OF RESIDENTS, SUPPORT IS SUGGESTED FOR THE THEORY THAT THERE ARE DIFFERENT EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH REDUCING AVAILABLE SPACE AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS IN A GIVEN SPACE.
Index Term(s): Federal correctional facilities; Florida; Overcrowding; Prison disorders; Riot causes; Studies
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT CONFERENCE CO-SPONSORED BY CORRECTIONS PROGRAM - UNIV OF CONNECTICUT AND CONNECTICUT DEPT OF CORRECTION, MAY 30 - JUNE 1, 1975, DURHAM, NH
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=36049

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