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NCJ Number: 39471 Find in a Library
Title: POVERTY, URBANIZATION, AND CRIME
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:14  Issue:3  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1976)  Pages:331-346
Author(s): V E FLANGO; E L SHERBENOU
Corporate Author: American Society of Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: American Society of Criminology
Irvine, CA 92664
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A STUDY WHICH EXAMINED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME RATES AND SIX SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS: AFFLUENCE, STAGE OF LIFE CYCLE, ECONOMIC SPECIALIZATION, EXPENDITURES POLICY, POVERTY, AND URBANIZATION.
Abstract: PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS ANALYSIS WAS USED TO REDUCE 59 DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 840 AMERICAN CITIES ITO THESE SIX FACTORS. WHEN REGRESSED UPON CRIME RATES TWO OF THESE SIX FACTORS, URBANIZATION AND POVERTY, WERE FOUND TO BE THE MORE IMPORTANT CRIMINOGENIC FORCES. THE EXCEPTION TO THIS GENERALIZATION WAS THE SOUTH, WHERE STAGES IN LIFE CYCLE WAS MORE IMPORTANT THAN POVERTY IN EXPLAINING CRIME. ONE REASON FOR THIS EXCEPTION MAY BE THAT THE SOUTH, THOUGH HAVING A LOWER STANDARD OF LIVING THAN OTHER REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY, DOES NOT HAVE THE 'CULTURE OF POVERTY' USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH LOWER INCOME. CONTRARY TO THE ASSUMPTION UPON WHICH MOST ECOLOGY OF CRIME STUDIES ARE BASED, LARGER CITES (OVER 100,000 IN POPULATION) ARE NOT REPRESENTATIVE OF ALL CITIES. GREATER ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC VARIABLES AND CRIME WAS FOUND IN LARGER THAN IN SMALLER CITIES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)---DMC
Index Term(s): Crime Rate; Demography; Economic analysis of crime; Economic influences; Social conditions; Sociology; Urbanization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=39471

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