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NCJ Number: 39766 Find in a Library
Title: TOKENS AND TIERS IN CORRECTIONS - AN ANALYSIS OF LEGAL ISSUES IN BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION
Journal: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL ON PRISON LAW  Volume:3  Issue:1  Dated:(FALL 1976)  Pages:15-46
Author(s): K E O'BRIEN
Corporate Author: New England Journal on Prison Law, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: New England Journal on Prison Law, Inc
Boston, MA 02116
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE EXAMINES POSSIBLE LEGAL LIMITATIONS ON LEARNING THEORY BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES IN CORRECTIONS, FOCUSING ON TOKEN ECONOMIES AND TIER ADVANCEMENT SYSTEMS.
Abstract: IN THE FIRST PART OF THE ARTICLE, TOKEN ECONOMIES AND TIER ADVANCEMENT SYSTEMS ARE DEFINED AND THEIR USE IN JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IS DISCUSSED. SUBSEQUENT SECTIONS ANALYZE LEGAL PROBLEMS RAISED BY THE SELECTION OF TARGET BEHAVIORS AND CHOICE OF REINFORCERS IN THESE TYPES OF PROGRAMS, AND EXPLORE THE APPLICABILITY OF THE DOCTRINE OF INFORMED CONSENT TO THEM. THE AUTHOR STATES THAT THE PLACEMENT OF AN INMATE INTO A PROGRAM EMPLOYING A 'DEPRIVATION SITUATION' AS THE FIRST STAGE IN BEHAVIORAL CHANGE OR AN ENVIRONMENT LACKING PRIVILEGES GENERALLY AVAILABLE TO PRISONERS MAY REQUIRE A LIMITED DUE PROCESS HEARING BEFORE PROGRAM INDUCTION. DEMOTIONS IN TIER SYSTEMS OR LOSS OF TOKENS IN A TOKEN ECONOMY MAY SIMILARLY DEMAND DUE PROCESS SAFEGUARDS. THE USE OF IDIOSYNCRATIC REINFORCERS AVOIDS THIS DUE PROCESS PROBLEM BECAUSE NO VESTED LIBERTY OR PROPERTY INTERESTS ARE INVOLVED. HE CONCLUDES THAT WITHOUT A CAREFUL REGARD FOR TRADITIONAL LEGAL PRECEPTS PROTECTING MIND, FREEDOM, AND DIGNITY, EXPERIMENTERS WITH THE NEW SCIENCE OF OPERANT CONDITIONING CANNOT FUNCTION UNDER OUR SYSTEM OF LAW AND JUSTICE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)...EB
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Federal courts; Juvenile correctional facilities; Prisoner's rights; Right to treatment; Token economies; Waiver of rights
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=39766

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