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NCJ Number: 40931 Find in a Library
Title: IMAGE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN SOCIETY - QUALITATIVE PHASE OF THE PRESS ANALYSIS, REPORT NO 18
Author(s): P LASCOUMES; G MOREAU-CAPDEVIELLE
Corporate Author: Services D'Etudes Penales et Criminologiques
France
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 191
Sponsoring Agency: Services D'Etudes Penales et Criminologiques
75001 Paris, France
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: THIS ANALYSIS OF 37 MEDIA ARTICLES ABOUT A FRENCH PRISON HOSTAGE SITUATION WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THE DIFFERENT IMAGES OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE PRESS AND THE IDEOLOGICAL STANCE OF THE MEDIA.
Abstract: IN THIS QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS, ARTICLES WERE DRAWN FROM EIGHT PARIS DAILY NEWSPAPERS AND SIX FRENCH WEEKLY MAGAZINES. TO FACILITATE THE ANALYSIS, ALL ARTICLES CHOSEN WERE ABOUT THE 'CLAIRVAUX INCIDENT', IN WHICH TWO PRISONERS TOOK TWO HOSTAGES, AND DEMANDED THEIR RELEASE IN EXCHANGE FOR THE HOSTAGES. THE SITUATION RESULTED IN THE DEATH OF THE HOSTAGES, AND THE INMATES WERE SENTENCED TO DEATH. BASED ON A CONTENT ANALYSIS, THE ARTICLES WERE CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO THEIR IMAGE OF THE FUNCTION, THE SYSTEM, THE TRIAL, AND THE ACCUSED. FROM THIS, A FIVE-PART TYPOLOGY WAS ESTABLISHED TO SHOW THE VARIOUS IMAGES OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE PRESS. THE CLASSIFICATIONS WERE 1) JUSTICE AS VENGEANCE; 2) JUSTICE AS SOCIAL PURIFICATION; 3) JUSTICE AS SOCIAL REGULATION; 4) JUSTICE AS AN INJUSTICE; AND 5) JUSTICE AS AN IDEOLOGICAL APPARATUS. A SECOND, MORE DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE ACTUAL STRUCTURE OF THE ARGUMENT PRESENTED IN EACH ARTICLE WAS ALSO UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THE VARIOUS IDEOLOGICAL POSITIONS OF THE PRESS VIS-A-VIS THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. RESULTS OF THIS ANALYSIS ARE REPORTED IN THE FINAL SECTION. --IN FRENCH...DMC
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems; France; Media coverage; Media support; Press relations; Public Attitudes/Opinion
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=40931

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