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NCJ Number: 41151 Find in a Library
Title: BYSTANDER REACTIONS TO A VIOLENT THEFT - CRIME IN JERUSALEM
Journal: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:34  Issue:6  Dated:(1976)  Pages:1188-1199
Author(s): S H SCHWARTZ; A GOTTLIEB
Corporate Author: American Psychological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DESCRIPTION AND DISCUSSION OF AN EXPERIMENT TO STUDY BYSTANDER BEHAVIOR WHEN PERSONS ARE CONFRONTED WITH AN EMERGENCY CAUSED BY A VIOLENT CRIME.
Abstract: AS BACKGROUND INFORMATION, THE AUTHORS LIST THREE ANALYTICALLY DISTINCT PROCESSES THAT MAY ACCOUNT FOR THE FREQUENTLY OBSERVED TENDENCY OF BYSTANDERS TO INHIBIT EACH OTHERS' RESPONSIVENESS IN EMERGENCIES -- SOCIAL INFLUENCE, AUDIENCE INHIBITION, AND DIFFUSION OF RESPONSIBILITY. THE EXPERIMENTERS FOUND THAT HELPING OF THE VICTIM WAS REDUCED BY DIFFUSION OF RESPONSIBILITY AND SLOWED BY NEGATIVE SOCIAL INFLUENCES, BUT WAS INCREASED BY EVALUATION APPREHENSIONS. DIFFERENCES TRACEABLE TO SOCIAL INFLUENCE APPEARED PRIOR TO THOSE FROM THE OTHER PROCESSES. IMPLICATIONS OF THESE FINDINGS FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF HELPING AND THE INTERPRETATION OF BYSTANDER DECISIONMAKING ARE DISCUSSED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT)...KAP
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Israel; Theft offenses; Violent crimes; Witnesses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=41151

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