skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 43084 Find in a Library
Title: PUNISHMENT, PROTECTION, AND RETALIATION (FROM JUSTICE AND PUNISHMENT, 1977, BY J.B. CEDERBLOM AND WILLIAM L. BLIZEK-SEE NCJ-43084)
Author(s): J HOSPERS
Corporate Author: Ballinger Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Ballinger Publishing Co
Cambridge, MA 02138
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PHILOSOPHICAL DISCUSSION OF PUNISHMENT EXAMINES THE THEORIES OF RETRIBUTION, REHABILITATION, DETERRENCE, AND PROTECTION OF SOCIETY. THE SHORTCOMINGS OF EACH ARE POINTED OUT.
Abstract: RETRIBUTIONISTS AGREE THAT THE MORE SERIOUS THE OFFENSE, THE MORE SERIOUS THE PUNISHMENT SHOULD BE. THE PROBLEM ARISES BECAUSE SOME SAY RAPE IS MORE SERIOUS THAN ROBBERY, WHILE OTHERS FEEL THAT IF NO HARM IS DONE, THE PUNISHMENT SHOULD BE MILDER. REHABILITATION, DETERRENCE, AND PROTECTION ARE TOGETHER CONSIDERED THE 'UTILITARIAN' OR 'RESULTS' THEORY OF PUNISHMENT. ON PAPER THESE CONCEPTS SOUND AS THOUGH THEY WOULD PROMOTE GOOD AND/ OR PREVENT EVIL. THEIR IMPLEMENTATION, HOWEVER CAN BE QUITE THE OPPOSITE, AS THE MISUSE OF 'CORRECTION' CAMPS IN THE SOVIET UNION ILLUSTRATES. THE QUESTION OF WHO SHOULD ENFORCE THE LAWS IS CONSIDERED. PRIVATE ACTION TENDS TO BE CAPRICIOUS, WHILE GOVERNMENTAL BODIES ARE INEFFICIENT. THE SUGGESTION HAS BEEN MADE THAT PERSONS SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO PROTECT THEMSELVES BUT THAT NO PUNISHMENTS BE MEASURED OUT IN CASE THE PROTECTION FAILS. THE QUESTION IS, TO WHAT DEGREE SHOULD A PERSON BE ALLOWED TO PROTECT HIMSELF? ANY THEORY OF PUNISHMENT INVOLVES PART OF A GROUP INFLICTING ITS VIEWS ON ALL THE GROUP. THIS DILEMMA MAKES THE PROBLEM OF PUNISHMENT ONE OF THE MOST INTRACTABLE IN ALL OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY.
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Punishment; Rehabilitation; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=43084

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.