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NCJ Number: 43107 Find in a Library
Title: DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT IN AN INSTITUTION - REEXAMINING THE PRESTON STUDY
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:14  Issue:2  Dated:(JULY 1977)  Pages:177-194
Author(s): R L AUSTIN
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE USEFULNESS OF THE INTERPERSONAL MATURITY LEVEL THEORY (I-LEVEL THEORY) IN DEVELOPING REHABILITATION PROGRAMS FOR DELINQUENTS IN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: I-LEVEL THEORY DEFINES PERSONALITY FACTORS AND RELATES THEM TO AN INDIVIDUAL MATURITY LEVEL. IT THEN STATES THAT SUCCESSFUL ATTEMPTS TO CHANGE BEHAVIOR MUST BE CONSISTENT WITH THE INDIVIDUAL MATURITY OR I-LEVEL. A TOTAL OF 1681 DELINQUENT BOYS AT THE PRESTON SCHOOL OF INDUSTRY, SACRAMENTO, CALIF., WERE DIVIDED INTO CONTROL AND I-LEVEL TREATMENT GROUPS. ANALYSIS OF PAROLE PERFORMANCE FOR 24 MONTHS FOLLOWING RELEASE FOUND THAT THE DIVISIONS OF THE INSTITUTION WHICH DID THE BEST JOB OF MATCHING TREATMENT TO I-LEVEL ALSO HAD THE BEST PAROLE PERFORMANCE. THE BEST MATCH WAS ACHIEVED IN THE PSYCHIATRIC UNIT. STATISTICAL METHODS USED TO MEASURE MATURITY LEVELS, DEVELOP TREATMENT METHODS, AND ANALYZE RESULTS ARE PRESENTED. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT A PREVIOUS STUDY OF THIS DATA WHICH CALLED THE I-LEVEL THEORY INVALID WAS BASED ON INAPPROPRIATE COMPARISONS. THE DIVISIONS OF THE SCHOOL WHICH SHOWED POOR PAROLE PERFORMANCE IN THE PREVIOUS STUDY WERE THE DIVISIONS WHICH HAD DONE A POOR JOB OF IDENTIFYING I-LEVEL AND DEVELOPING APPROPRIATE THERAPY.
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile treatment methods; Personality assessment; Research; Studies
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