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NCJ Number: 43580 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS - AN ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL MODELS
Author(s): D MCGILLIS; J MULLEN
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 212
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-030-76
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PROJECTS WHICH PROVIDE A FORUM FOR THE RESOLUTION OF MINOR DISPUTES AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO ARREST OR FORMAL COURT ACTION ARE REVIEWED; RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE FOR SIMILAR EXPERIMENTAL MODELS.
Abstract: A SAMPLE OF DISPUTE PROCESSING PROJECTS, SPANNING THE RANGE OF RESOLUTION TECHNIQUES FROM ARBITRATION, MEDIATION, REFERRAL TO SMALL CLAIMS COURTS, AND REFERRAL TO COURTS OF GENERAL JURISDICTION, WAS CHOSEN FOR ANALYSIS. INCLUDED WERE THE BOSTON URBAN COURT PROJECT, THE COLUMBUS NIGHT PROSECUTOR PROGRAM, THE MIAMI CITIZEN DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROGRAM, THE NEW YORK INSTITUTE FOR MEDIATION AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION DISPUTE CENTER, THE ROCHESTER AMERICAN ARBITRATION ASSOCIATION COMMUNITY DISPUTE SERVICES PROJECT, AND THE SAN FRANCISCO COMMUNITY BOARD PROGRAM. ALL, EXCEPT THE SAN FRANCISCO PROGRAM WHICH IS STILL IN THE DEVELOPMENTAL PHASE, WERE VISITED DURING MAY 1977. PROJECT STAFF SIZE VARIES FROM 4 TO 10, AND NUMBER OF CASES HANDLED FROM ABOUT 350 IN BOSTON TO 4149 IN MIAMI. RESOLUTION IS ACHIEVED IN MORE THAN 90 PERCENT OF CASES. THE PROBLEMS OF CASE CRITERIA, TYPE OF PERSONNEL NEEDED, VARIOUS SOURCES OF FUNDING, AND INDIVIDUAL COMMUNITY NEEDS ARE DISCUSSED. GENERALLY SUCH PROGRAMS ARE CONSIDERED SUCCESSFUL BECAUSE THEY AVOID THE EXPENSE OF ARREST AND FORMAL COURT PROCESSING FOR MINOR CASES AND, IN ADDITION, OFFER LONGER-LASTING RESOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM. EACH CENTER MUST BE SET UP LOCALLY WITH FULL ATTENTION PAID TO LOCAL NEEDS, NEIGHBORHOOD PERCEPTIONS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, AND LOCAL RESOURCES. DETAILS OF THE OPERATION OF SUCH CENTERS AND CASE REPORTS OF THE SIX CENTERS STUDIED ARE INCLUDED. APPENDIXES GIVE A BIBLIOGRAPHY, THE CITIZEN DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROJECT SURVEY, AND THE PROPOSED NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE DESIGN FOR NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS.
Index Term(s): Arbitration; California; Conflict resolution; Florida; Massachusetts; Neighborhood justice centers; New York; Ohio; Police diversion; Programs
Note: PROGRAM MODELS
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=43580

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