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NCJ Number: 43710 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION
Journal: LEAA NEWSLETTER  Volume:6 V 14  Dated:(OCTOBER 1977)  Pages:7-18
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
Law Enforcement Assistance Admin
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESEARCH FINDINGS ON CITIZEN AND COMMUNITY ACTION IN REGARD TO CRIME AND ITS PREVENTION ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN A REPORT ON PROJECTS SPONSORED BY THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
Abstract: AREAS OF INQUIRY DISCUSSED ARE THE CITIZEN AND THE ENVIRONMENT, THE CITIZEN AS AN ACTIVE PARTICIPANT IN CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL, THE CITIZEN AS VICTIM AND WITNESS, AND CRIMES OF PARTICULAR CONCERN TO THE COMMUNITY. RESEARCH FINDINGS INDICATE THAT PHYSICAL DESIGN FEATURES OF BUILDINGS AFFECT THE RATE OF CRIME AS WELL AS RESIDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF SECURITY. STUDIES OF CITIZEN ACTION IN CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL SUGGEST THAT A NEIGHBORHOOD APPROACH TO CITIZEN ACTION PROGRAMS IS LIKELY TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE THAN A CITYWIDE CAMPAIGN, THAT A COMBINATION OF STRATEGIES SUCH AS CITIZEN PATROLS AND PROPERTY IDENTIFICATION PROJECTS IS ADVISABLE, AND THAT PERSONAL CONTACT WITH CITIZENS IS THE BEST WAY TO STIMULATE THEIR INVOLVEMENT IN CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS. A SURVEY IN MILWAUKEE, WIS., FOUND THAT 37 PERCENT OF THE CRIMES EXPERIENCED BY A GROUP OF VICTIMS WERE NEVER REPORTED. THE PROBLEMS MOST COMMONLY EXPERIENCED BY THE VICTIMS WERE PROPERTY LOSS AND MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL SUFFERING, PLUS LOST TIME AND INCOME FOR THOSE WHO CONSEQUENTLY BECAME INVOLVED IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS. STUDIES OF CRIMES OF PARTICULAR CONCERN TO COMMUNITIES HAVE DEALT WITH RAPE AND OTHER FORMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT, GAMBLING, RACKETS, AND CONSUMER FRAUD. PLANNED DIRECTIONS FOR INSTITUTE-SPONSORED RESEARCH ARE NOTED. INSTITUTE-SPONSORED PROJECTS ONGOING AT THE TIME OF THE REPORT ARE LISTED, AS ARE SELECTED PUBLICATIONS ON COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION AVAILABLE THROUGH THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE AND/OR THE NATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFERENCE SERVICE.
Index Term(s): Citizen crime precautions; Citizen crime reporting; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Crime Control Programs; Environmental design; Research; Unreported crimes; Victimization
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=43710

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