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NCJ Number: 43739 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NATIONAL MANPOWER SURVEY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, V 1 - SUMMARY REPORT, AUGUST 1978
Corporate Author: National Planning Assoc
United States of America
Editor(s): E NADEN
Project Director: H WOOLNADEN
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 167
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Planning Assoc
Washington, DC 20009
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-035-74
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS SUMMARY VOLUME, THE FIRST OF EIGHT RESULTING FROM A NATIONAL MANPOWER SURVEY, ASSESSES PRESENT AND FUTURE MANPOWER NEEDS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND MAKES RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVED TRAINING AND MANAGEMENT.
Abstract: FINDINGS ARE BASED ON COMPREHENSIVE SURVEYS OF MORE THAN 8,000 STATE AND LOCAL CRIMINAL JUSTSCE EXECUTIVES, ANALYSIS OF A 1975 CENSUS SURVEY OF 50,000 EMPLOYEES OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES, AND 250 FIELD VISITS. NEARLY 1 MILLION PERSONS WERE EMPLOYED IN STATE AND LOCAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES IN 1974, THE BASE YEAR OF THE ASSESSMENT. A BREAKDOWN OF THIS FIGURE SHOWED THAT MORE THAN 580,000 WERE EMPLOYED BY POLICE PROTECTION AGENCIES (80 PERCENT SWORN OFFICERS); MORE THAN 190,000 WERE EMPLOYED BY COURTS, PROSECUTION AND LEGAL SERVICES, AND INDIGENT DEFENSE AGENCIES; AND NEARLY 220,000 WERE INVOLVED IN CORRECTIONS. THE LARGEST PERSONNEL SHORTAGES WERE REPORTED BY PROBATION AND PAROLE ADMINISTRATORS AND BY SHERIFFS; JUVENILE CORRECTION AGENCIES REPORTED THE SMALLEST SHORTAGES. SMALLER DEPARTMENTS REPORTED GREATER RELATIVE SHORTAGES THAN LARGER DEPARTMENTS. THE COMPOSITE SURVEY FOUND A NEED FOR SELECTIVE INCREASES OF PERSONNEL IN MOST CRIMINAL JUSTICE CATEGORIES, BUT ALSO FOUND THAT SUCH INCREASES DO NOT REDUCE CRIME OR IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF JUSTICE UNLESS COMBINED WITH IMPROVED PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT. RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE FOR IMPROVING DEPLOYMENT OF EXISTING PERSONNEL AND INCREASING PERSONNEL EFFECTIVENESS. OVERALL, EMPLOYMENT IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES IS EXPECTED TO GROW MORE SLOWLY BETWEEN 1975 AND 1985 THAN IN THE EARLY 1970'S, THE COMBINED RESULT OF A PROJECTED SLOWDOWN IN CRIME RATES AS WELL AS TIGHTER STATE AND LOCAL BUDGETS. THESE TRENDS ARE ANALYZED IN DETAIL IN THIS AND THE OTHER VOLUMES IN THE SERIES. FOR RELATED VOLUMES IN THIS SERIES, SEE NCJ 43760, VOL. 2 'LAW ENFORCEMENT'; NCJ 43740, VOL. 3 'CORRECTIONS'; NCJ 43741, VOL. 4 'COURTS'; NCJ 43742, VOL. 5, TWO PARTS 'CRIMINAL JUSTICE EDUCATION AND TRAINING'; AND NCJ 43743, VOL. 6 'CRIMINAL JUSTICE MANPOWER PLANNING.'
Index Term(s): Criminal justice employment/expenditure data; Personnel shortages; Police statistics; Prediction
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=43739

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