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NCJ Number: 43803 Find in a Library
Title: VIOLENCE IN PRISONS AND OUT (FROM UNAFEI - REPORT FOR 1976 AND RESOURCE MATERIAL SERIES NO 13, 1977 - SEE NCJ-43800)
Author(s): R B MCKAY
Corporate Author: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Japan
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: REASONS BEHIND THE VIOLENCE IN AMERICAN PRISONS ARE DISCUSSED AND A STRATEGY FOR ABATING THE VIOLENCE IS SUGGESTED BY A MEMBER OF THE NEW YORK STATE SPECIAL COMMISSION ON ATTICA.
Abstract: THE ATTICA COMMISSION CONCLUDED THAT CONCERN EXPRESSED BY THE GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK AND OTHER OFFICIALS THAT ONLY MINIMUM FORCE BE USED TO RESTORE ORDER AT ATTICA WAS NOT TRANSLATED INTO EFFECTIVE RESTRAINTS. IN THE ASSAULT BY STATE POLICE, 39 PERSONS WERE KILLED BY GUNFIRE AND 80 OTHERS SUFFERRED GUNSHOT WOUNDS. THE COMMISSION ALSO FOUND THAT HUNDREDS OF INMATES LATER WERE BRUTALIZED BY CORRECTION OFFICERS, TROOPERS, AND SHERIFF'S DEPUTIES. VIOLENCE AT ATTICA IS SAID TO REFLECT CONDITIONS IN AMERICAN PRISONS IN GENERAL. VIOLENCE-PRONE ATTITUDES OUTSIDE THE PRISONS ARE TRANSLATED INTO VIOLENT ACTION INSIDE THE PRISONS. THE PRACTICE OF DIVERTING LESSER OFFENDERS FROM THE PRISON SYSTEM HAS AFFECTED THE NATURE OF THE PRISON POPULATION. DESPITE DIVERSION, THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PRISONERS CONTINUES TO RISE. THE LEVEL OF VIOLENCE -- CORRECTION OFFICER AGAINST INMATE, INMATE AGAINST CORRECTION OFFICER, AND INMATE AGAINST INMATE -- IN AMERICAN PRISONS IS ILLUSTRATED IN EXCERPTS FROM REPORTS ON STATE PRISONS IN CALIFORNIA, MASSACHUSETTS, AND ALABAMA. THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS ARE OFFERED: (1) ESTABLISHMENT OF VICTIM COMPENSATION PROGRAM; (2) REEXAMINATION OF THE PURPOSES OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SANCTIONING SYSTEM; (3) REFORM OF SENTENCING PRACTICES TO REDUCE INEQUITIES RESULTING FROM UNCONTROLLED JUDICIAL DISCRETION; (4) ENFORCEMENT OF STANDARDS FOR PRISON CONDITIONS; AND (5) ENCOURAGEMENT OF PROGRAMS TO HELP EX-INMATES ADJUST TO FREEDOM.
Index Term(s): Alabama; California; Correctional personnel; Massachusetts; New York; Prison disorders; State correctional facilities; Violence; Violent inmates
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=43803

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